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Artikolu 49 - Il-prinċipji ta' legalità u proporzjonalità ta' reati u ta' pieni

Artikolu 49 - Il-prinċipji ta' legalità u proporzjonalità ta' reati u ta' pieni

1. L-ebda persuna m'għandha tiġi kkundannata għal xi att jew ommissjoni li, fiż-żmien meta sar jew saret, ma kienx jew ma kenitx reat skond il-liġi nazzjonali jew il-liġi internazzjonali. Lanqas m'għandha tingħata piena akbar minn dik li kienet applikabbli fiż-żmien meta twettaq ir-reat. Jekk wara li twettaq ir-reat, il-liġi tipprovdi għal piena inqas, dik il-piena għandha tkun applikabbli. 2. Dan l-Artikolu m'għandux jippreġudika l-proċess u l-piena ta' persuna ħatja ta' att jew ommissjoni li, fiż-żmien meta sar jew saret, kien jew kienet reat skond il-prinċipji ġenerali rikonoxxuti mill-komunità tan-nazzjonijiet. 3. Is-severità tal-piena m'għandhiex tkun sproporzjonata għar-reat.

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