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Artikolu 49 - Il-prinċipji ta' legalità u proporzjonalità ta' reati u ta' pieni

Artikolu 49 - Il-prinċipji ta' legalità u proporzjonalità ta' reati u ta' pieni

1. L-ebda persuna m'għandha tiġi kkundannata għal xi att jew ommissjoni li, fiż-żmien meta sar jew saret, ma kienx jew ma kenitx reat skond il-liġi nazzjonali jew il-liġi internazzjonali. Lanqas m'għandha tingħata piena akbar minn dik li kienet applikabbli fiż-żmien meta twettaq ir-reat. Jekk wara li twettaq ir-reat, il-liġi tipprovdi għal piena inqas, dik il-piena għandha tkun applikabbli. 2. Dan l-Artikolu m'għandux jippreġudika l-proċess u l-piena ta' persuna ħatja ta' att jew ommissjoni li, fiż-żmien meta sar jew saret, kien jew kienet reat skond il-prinċipji ġenerali rikonoxxuti mill-komunità tan-nazzjonijiet. 3. Is-severità tal-piena m'għandhiex tkun sproporzjonata għar-reat.

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    Plaintiff v Public Prosecutor
    Decision date:
    04 Jul 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Portugal / Court of Appeal of Porto
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
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    Ms Martine X. v Court of Appeal of Poitiers
    Decision date:
    05 Jun 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Cassation
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Transport
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    (a) Two anonymised persons (b) Independent Administrative Penal (Unabhängiger Verwaltungssenat) of Salzburg
    Decision date:
    22 Mar 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Austria / Supreme Administrative Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    Free movement and equality
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    Decision date:
    14 Feb 2012
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
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    Decision date:
    12 Jan 2012
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Opinion of Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
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    Decision date:
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
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    Type:
    Decision
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    Decision date:
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Fourth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2011:722
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    Decision date:
    29 Mar 2011
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
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    Advocaten voor de Wereld VZW v Leden van de Ministerraad
    Decision date:
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    EU:C:2007:261

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