This report, which covers responses from 5,847 Jewish people in the eight countries in which some 90% of the estimated Jewish population in the EU live, will thus be a vital tool for EU decision makers and community groups to develop targeted legal and policy measures.
“Antisemitism is a disturbing example of how prejudice can persist through the centuries, and it has no place in our society today. It is particularly distressing to see that the internet, which should be a tool for communication and dialogue, is being used as an instrument of antisemitic harassment,” said FRA Director Morten Kjaerum. “While many EU governments have made great efforts to combat antisemitism, more targeted measures are needed.”
Average of 8 countries (%)
Antisemitism on the internet
Antisemitism in the media
Expressions of hostility towards Jews in the street or other public places
Desecration of Jewish cemeteries
Vandalism of Jewish buildings and institutions
Antisemitism in political life
The survey also showed significant differences between countries, which frequently demonstrates their differing histories and traditions, and also patterns of immigration in recent decades. For example,
In response to the findings of the survey, FRA has formulated a number of suggestions for decision makers, including:
Background: hate crime
Antisemitic attacks are a form of hate crime. Today’s survey report is published together with FRA's annual antisemitism overview, which brings together statistical data on antisemitic incidents collected by governmental and non-governmental sources. Together, the two reports complement the Agency’s considerable body of work on hate crime. This includes data on the experiences of groups such as lesbian, gays, bisexual and transgender people, Roma and other ethnic minorities. FRA’s annual Fundamental Rights Conference, in Vilnius on 12-13 November 2013, will focus on hate crime.
The reports below, the online data visualisation (where results for each country can be seen), media memo, methodology Q&A, videos and victims’ quotes can be found in the press pack online.
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Notes to editors