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Artigo 28.o - Direito de negociação e de acção colectiva

Artigo 28.o - Direito de negociação e de acção colectiva

Os trabalhadores e as entidades patronais, ou as respectivas organizações, têm, de acordo com o direito da União e as legislações e práticas nacionais, o direito de negociar e de celebrar convenções colectivas aos níveis apropriados, bem como de recorrer, em caso de conflito de interesses, a acções colectivas para a defesa dos seus interesses, incluindo a greve.

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  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany

    URL:
    Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    Country:
    Germany

    Article 9 (3) The right to form associations to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions shall be guaranteed to every individual and to every occupation or profession. Agreements that restrict or seek to impair this right shall be null and void; measures directed to this end shall be unlawful. Measures taken pursuant to Article 12a, to paragraphs (2) and (3) of Article 35, to paragraph (4) of Article 87a, or to Article 91 may not be directed against industrial disputes engaged in by associations within the meaning of the first sentence of this paragraph in order to safeguard and improve working and economic conditions.

  • Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    URL:
    Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Country:
    Germany

    Artikel 9 (3) Das Recht, zur Wahrung und Förderung der Arbeits- und Wirtschaftsbedingungen Vereinigungen zu bilden, ist für jedermann und für alle Berufe gewährleistet. Abreden, die dieses Recht einschränken oder zu behindern suchen, sind nichtig, hierauf gerichtete Maßnahmen sind rechtswidrig. Maßnahmen nach den Artikeln 12a, 35 Abs. 2 und 3, Artikel 87a Abs. 4 und Artikel 91 dürfen sich nicht gegen Arbeitskämpfe richten, die zur Wahrung und Förderung der Arbeits- und Wirtschaftsbedingungen von Vereinigungen im Sinne des Satzes 1 geführt werden.

  • Preamble to the Constitution of 27 October 1946

    URL:
    Preamble to the Constitution of 27 October 1946
    Country:
    France

    § 6All men may defend their rights and interests through union action and may belong to the union of their choice. § 7The right to strike shall be exercised within the framework of the laws governing it.§ 8 All workers shall, through the intermediary of their representatives, participate in the collective determination of their conditions of work and in the management of the work place. 

  • Préambule de la Constitution du 27 Octobre 1946

    URL:
    Préambule de la Constitution du 27 Octobre 1946
    Country:
    France

    § 6 Tout homme peut défendre ses droits et ses intérêts par l'action syndicale et adhérer au syndicat de son choix. § 7 Le droit de grève s'exerce dans le cadre des lois qui le réglementent.§ 8 Tout travailleur participe, par l'intermédiaire de ses délégués, à la détermination collective des conditions de travail ainsi qu'à la gestion des entreprises.

  • Act (436/1946) (As Amended By Several Acts, Including No. 864/2001)

    URL:
    Act (436/1946) (As Amended By Several Acts, Including No. 864/2001)
    Country:
    Finland

    1. A collective agreement within the meaning of this Act is any agreement concluded by one or more employers or registered associations of employers and one or more registered associations of employees, concerning the conditions to be complied with in contracts of employment or in employment generally.

  • Collective Agreements

    URL:
    Collective Agreements
    Country:
    Finland
  • Constitution of Finland

    URL:
    Constitution of Finland
    Country:
    Finland

    Section 13 Freedom of assembly and freedom of association (...) Everyone has the freedom of association. Freedom of association entails the right to form an association without a permit, to be a member or not to be a member of an association and to participate in the activities of an association. The freedom to form trade unions and to organise in order to look after other interests is likewise guaranteed. 

  • Suomen perustuslaki

    URL:
    Suomen perustuslaki
    Country:
    Finland

    13 § Kokoontumis- ja yhdistymisvapaus (...) Jokaisella on yhdistymisvapaus. Yhdistymisvapauteen sisältyy oikeus ilman lupaa perustaa yhdistys, kuulua tai olla kuulumatta yhdistykseen ja osallistua yhdistyksen toimintaan. Samoin on turvattu ammatillinen yhdistymisvapaus ja vapaus järjestäytyä muiden etujen valvomiseksi.

  • Ametiühingute seadus

    URL:
    Ametiühingute seadus
    Country:
    Estonia

    § 1. Seaduse ülesanded. (1) Käesolev seadus sätestab ametiühingute põhilised õigused, tegevuse alused, suhted riigi- ja kohaliku omavalitsuse asutuste ja tööandjatega. (2) Käesolev seadus sätestab erisused mittetulundusühingutena tegutsevate ametiühingute asutamise, tegevuse ja lõpetamise kohta. 

  • Collective Labour Dispute Resolution Act

    URL:
    Collective Labour Dispute Resolution Act
    Country:
    Estonia

    § 1. Purpose of Act. This Act regulates the procedure for the resolution of collective labour disputes and the calling and organisation of strikes and lock-outs.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Estonia
    Country:
    Estonia

    Article 29. (…) Everyone is free to belong to unions and federations of employees and employers. Unions and federations of employees and employers may assert their rights and lawful interests by means which are not prohibited by law. The conditions and procedure for the exercise of the right to strike are provided by law. The procedure for resolution of labour disputes is provided by law.

  • Eesti Vabariigi Põhiseadus

    URL:
    Eesti Vabariigi Põhiseadus
    Country:
    Estonia

    § 29. Töötajate ja tööandjate ühingutesse ja liitudesse kuulumine on vaba. Töötajate ja tööandjate ühingud ja liidud võivad oma õiguste ja seaduslike huvide eest seista vahenditega, mida seadus ei keela. Streigiõiguse kasutamise tingimused ja korra sätestab seadus. Töövaidluste lahendamise korra sätestab seadus.

  • Kollektiivse töötüli lahendamise seadus

    URL:
    Kollektiivse töötüli lahendamise seadus
    Country:
    Estonia

     § 1. Seaduse ülesanne. Käesolev seadus reguleerib kollektiivse töötüli lahendamise ning streigi ja töösulu väljakuulutamise ning korraldamise korda.

  • Trade Unions Act

    URL:
    Trade Unions Act
    Country:
    Estonia

    § 1. Purposes of Act. (1) This Act provides for the general rights of and bases for the activities of trade unions, and their relations with state and local government authorities and employers. (2) This Act provides for the specifications for the foundation, activities and dissolution of trade unions which operate as non-profit associations.

  • The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus

    URL:
    The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus
    Country:
    Cyprus

    Article 26 1. Every person has the right to enter freely into any contract subject to such conditions, limitations or restrictions as are laid down by the general principles of the law of contract. A law shall provide for the prevention of exploitation by persons who are commanding economic power. 2. A law may provide for collective labour contracts of obligatory fulfilment by employers and workers with adequate protection of the rights of any person, whether or not represented at the conclusion of such contract. Article 27 1. The right to strike is recognised and its exercise may be regulated by law for the purposes only of safeguarding the security of the Republic or the constitutional order or the public order or the public safety or the maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the inhabitants or the protection of the rights and liberties guaranteed by this Constitution to any person. 2. The members of the armed forces, of the police and of the gendarmerie shall not have the right to strike. A law may extend such prohibition to the members of the public service.

  • Tο Σύνταγμα της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας

    URL:
    Tο Σύνταγμα της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας
    Country:
    Cyprus

    ΑΡΘΡΟΝ 26 1. Έκαστος έχει το δικαίωμα του συμβάλλεσθαι ελευθέρως. Τούτο υπέκειται εις όρους, περιορισμούς ή δεσμεύσεις τιθεμένους επί τη βάσει των γενικών αρχών του δικαίου των συμβάσεων. Νόμος θέλει προβλέψει διά την πρόληψιν εκμεταλλεύσεως υπό προσώπων, άτινα διαθέτουσιν ιδιάζουσαν οικονομικήν ισχύν. 2. Νόμος δύναται να ρυθμίση τας συλλογικάς συμβάσεις εργασίας, υποχρεωτικώς εφαρμοζομένας υπό των εργοδοτών και των εργαζομένων, προστατευομένων επαρκώς των δικαιωμάτων οιουδήποτε ατόμου αδιακρίτως της αντιπροσωπεύσεως τούτου κατά την σύναψιν τοιαύτης συμβάσεως. ΑΡΘΡΟΝ 27 1. Το δικαίωμα του απεργείν αναγνωρίζεται και η άσκησις τούτου δύναται να ρυθμισθή υπό του νόμου προς τον σκοπόν μόνον της προστασίας της ασφαλείας της Δημοκρατίας ή της συνταγματικής τάξεως ή της δημοσίας τάξεως η της δημοσίας ασφαλείας ή της διατηρήσεως των εφοδίων και υπηρεσιών των απαραιτήτων διά την ζωήν του λαού ή της προστασίας των υπό του Συντάγματος ηγγυημένων εις οιονδήποτε πρόσωπον δικαιωμάτων και ελευθεριών. 2. Πρόσωπα ανήκοντα εις τας ενόπλους δυνάμεις, την αστυνομίαν και την χωροφυλακήν δεν έχουσι το δικαίωμα του απεργείν. Νόμος δύναται να επεκτείνη την απαγόρευσιν ταύτην και επί των δημοσίων υπαλλήλων.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Croatia

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Croatia
    Country:
    Croatia

    Article 60 In order to protect their economic and social interests, all employees shall be entitled to form trade unions and they shall be free to join and leave them. Trade unions may form their federations and join international trade union organisations. The formation of trade unions in the armed forces and the police may be restricted by law. Employers shall be entitled to form associations and they shall be free to join and leave them. Article 61 The right to strike shall be guaranteed. The right to strike may be restricted in the armed forces, the police, the civil service and public services as specified by law.

  • Ustav Republike Hrvatske

    URL:
    Ustav Republike Hrvatske
    Country:
    Croatia

    Članak 60. Radi zaštite svojih gospodarskih i socijalnih interesa, svi zaposleni imaju pravo osnivati sindikate i slobodno u njih stupati i iz njih istupati. Sindikati mogu osnivati svoje saveze i udruživati se u međunarodne sindikalne organizacije. U oružanim snagama i redarstvu zakonom se može ograničiti sindikalno organiziranje. Poslodavci imaju pravo osnivati udruge i slobodno u njih stupati i iz njih istupati. Članak 61. Jamči se pravo na štrajk. U oružanim snagama, redarstvu, državnoj upravi i javnim službama određenima zakonom može se ograničiti pravo na štrajk.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Art. 50 Workers and employees shall have the right to strike in defence of their collective economic and social interests. This right shall be exercised in accordance with conditions and procedures established by law. 

  • Labour Code

    URL:
    Labour Code
    Country:
    Bulgaria

     Article 1(3) This Code shall aim to ensure the freedom and protection of labour, equitable and dignified working conditions, as well as the conducting of social dialogue between the State, the employees, the employers and their organizations, for the purposes of settlement of labour relations and other immediately related relations.

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