Year of publication 2015 Coverage period Sun, 12/01/2013 - 12:00 Last updated 2015-08-28T17:15:45 Dataset : Dataset About The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), at the request of the European Commission, conducted research on national child protection systems in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States. It seeks to understand how national child protection systems work and to identify common challenges and promising practices.FRA collected data on the main components of child protection systems focusing on the following areas: National legislative and regulatory framework, including child protection policies National legislative framework National policy framework (action plan or strategy) National authorities responsible for child protection and service providers Decentralised child protection responsibilities Central authority with national coordinating role Service providers Human and financial resources, focusing on qualification and training of personnel Financial resources and budget allocation Certification and accreditation procedures for professionals Vetting of foster families and residential care personnel Identification and reporting procedures for children in need of protection and procedures for placing children in alternative care Provisions on professionals' legal obligation to report cases of child abuse, neglect and violence Specific legal obligations for civilians to report cases of child abuse, neglect and violence Provisions on the right of the child placed in alternative care to issue complaints Specific legal provisions requiring the establishment of complaint mechanisms within alternative care institutions Provisions requiring multidisciplinary assessment of child protection cases Provisions introducing age requirements on the rights of the child to be heard in placement decisions Accountability and monitoring systems, focusing on the monitoring and development of common quality indicators Monitoring performance of national child protection system Independent monitoring by national human rights bodies Standards on residential care Standards on foster care Child rights impact assessment Direct consultation with children The maps and tables presented on the following web pages show the scope, structures, actors and functions of the EU Member States’ child protection systems and how they aim to meet the diverse needs of different groups of children. A summary of key findings for each area is provided under the maps and tables. Consultation with Member States - Member State representatives in the European Commission’s informal expert group on the rights of the child were consulted on a draft mapping of child protection systems in the 28 EU Member States. Representatives of 21 Member States provided written feedback: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain and the United Kingdom) Research and methodology - The research focuses on how national child protection systems respond to the needs of children with multiple vulnerabilities and on how institutions cooperate and coordinate work when developing and implementing the national laws and policies. It identifies legislative and policy gaps, implementation challenges but also promising practices. FRA’s expert contractors in the EU Member States, Franet, conducted the research’s desk research. The network collected secondary sources, including legal information and policy documents, and carried out a five-year literature review. Franet contacted government officials, representatives of child protection institutions and services, civil society organisations, national human rights institutions and children’s ombudspersons offices, where available, to obtain information not publicly available or for clarifications. Timeline - FRANET conducted the research from December 2013 to March 2014. Help Technical requirements The dataset technical requirements Topic : Dataset Select a question Variable : Dataset Select visualisation : Map Chart Country Comparison Time series Table Overview Map Chart Country Comparison Time series Table Overview Map This view provides the answers by country in a map. Chart This view provides the answers by country as a stacked chart. Country The National bar chart visualisation illustrates the values of all answers per selected country and subset. The average among all subsets per answer is also provided at the end. Comparison The National comparisons visualisation presents a comparative overview for the values of all answers between two selected countries. Time series The function presents the data of the selected visualisation time series. Table The European variable table visualisation illustrates the values of all answers per country in a vertical stucked bar chart. The European Union average is also provided for comparative reasons in the right hand side of the graph. Overview This view groups all answers together for a selected topic in one table. Variable summary This view provides the answers by country in a table. By : Dataset Dataset Country : Dataset Compare with : Dataset Answer : Dataset Year : Dataset Hide Legend Export Page URL Page URL (Short) Figure (PNG) Embedable HTML Page citation Open data standard (CSV) Data (XLS) SVG (High resolution) EPS (High resolution) PDF (High resolution) Whole dataset Page bookmark Share Variable summary FRA loading logo At the request of the European Commission, FRA conducted research on national child protection systems in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States. The research seeks to understand how national child protection systems work and to identify common challenges and promising practices. Notes The maps and tables presented in this dataset show the scope, structures, actors and functions of the EU Member States’ child protection systems and how they aim to meet the diverse needs of different groups of children. A summary of key findings for each area is provided in the online summary.