Detention issue

Sanitary conditions

FRA research findings

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Legal instruments & key provisions

Legal instrument Key provision
Federal Prison Act (Strafvollzugsgesetz)Cells should be designed in a manner meeting their purpose.


Year Recommendation Report
2016The NPM recommends that video surveillance of toilet facilities – except in the case of so-called “especially secured detention rooms” (besonders gesicherter Hafträume) – should use privacy-respecting technologies, such as “pixilation” of video images. Report details
2017The NPM reports violations of these standards in its recently published annual report 2017: Prison cells in Stuttgart and Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg lacked fully separated toilets although multiple persons were accommodated. The Agency claims that Section 8 II of Book I of the Baden-Württemberg Prison Code violates constitutional law as it provides for the accommodation of multiple persons in such cells if these persons agree in a written form. The Agency argues that human dignity is not disposable. ' JAHRESBERICHT_2017_Nationale_Stelle.pdf Report details