Detention issue


FRA research findings

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Legal instruments & key provisions

Legal instrument Key provision
Prison Sentence Execution Act (Zakon o izvršavanjukaznezatvora)Prisoners are provided with healthcare treatment in the quality and scope determined by public care system for persons with compulsory health insurance. Prisoners have access to medical services through infirmaries located within prisons. When needed, for more serious medical examinations or hospital treatment they are referred to the Prison Hospital. A need to purchase a prosthetic device such as glasses, hearing device or any other is determined on basis of proposal of a doctor working in a prison in compliance with general health regulations. Inmate’s financial situation and the length of his or her sentence will be taken in consideration when deciding on the costs.


Year Recommendation Report
2015The NPM recommended to provide supplementary health insurance for all prisoners who are without regular income, to adapt the space and equipment in the medical facilities of penal institutions to comply with prescribed minimum requirements, to enable prison physicians to issue prescriptions for medications and referral slips that will be accepted by external medical institutions, implement legislation changes so that the healthcare of prisoners be entirely covered by the public healthcare system. Report details
2016The NPM recommended to provide all prisoners who meet the requirements with supplementary health insurance at the expense of the State Budget, to align premises and equipment of infirmaries in penal institutions with the Ordinance on Minimum Standards regarding Premises, Staff and Medical- Technical Equipment of a Medical Institution Providing Healthcare to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty, to prepare amendments to legal regulations enabling healthcare of prisoners to be integrated into the public healthcare system. Report details
2018To the Ministry of Justice, to adapt accommodation conditions in all penal institutions to comply with legal and international standards. Report details
2020To the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Justice and Administration, to regulate the issue of performing health care activities within the prison system in accordance with the Health Care Act. Report details