Finland Finland


ECRI Report, 2013

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Monitoring body


ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination Ethnic profiling

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities People with migrant background Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

Lack of ethnically disaggregated data. Underreporting, raising awareness of potential victims who believe complaining to the courts is ineffective.
Main conclusions:
Need to ensure that all those involved in the criminal justice system, from lawyers to the police, prosecuting authorities and the courts, have thorough knowledge of the provisions in force against racism and are fully aware of the need to actively and thoroughly counter all manifestations of these phenomena; reinforce the initial and in-service training for members of the justice system concerning the legislation in force against racism so as to ensure that it is applied when necessary
Consider the adoption of legal provisions targeting specifically the use of racist and xenophobic discourse by exponents of political parties
Cyberhate - implement the relevant legislation, in accordance with the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems. It further recommends that they grant the police the resources it needs to combat racism on the Internet.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The working methods for the preparation of the reports involve documentary analyses, a visit to the country concerned, and then a confidential dialogue with the national authorities.

Sample details and representativeness

ECRI’s reports are analyses based on a great deal of information gathered from a wide variety of sources.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.