Country

Spain Spain

Title

Council for the promotion of the equal treatment and non-discrimination of the persons of racial and ethnic origin (Consejo para la promoción de la igualdad de trato y no discriminación de las personas por el origen racial o étnico) (2014), Perception of discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin by the potential victims in 2013 (Percepción de la discriminación por el origen racial o étnico por parte de las potenciales víctimas en 2013), Madrid

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Year

2014

Type of publication

Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage

National

Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Human rights or equality body

Institution

Spain, Council for the promotion of the equal treatment and non-discrimination of the persons of racial and ethnic origin | Consejo para la promoción de la igualdad de trato y no discriminación de las personas por el origen racial o étnico

Main Thematic Focus

Discrimination

Target Population

Ethnic minorities People of African descent & Black Europeans Muslims Migrants

Key findings

The study indicates that self-perception discrimination perception is relatively low, 20.9%. However, discrepancies between ethnic groups are quite pronounced. Sub-Saharan, Gypsy populations and afro Latin stand out above the average.

Out of the 350 people who have experienced or witnessed a discriminatory situation, perceived that the reasons for such discrimination were, in the following order, the place of origin, colour of skin or physical features and as well as practices, customs or cultural behaviour.
Most common areas where discrimination occurs are the workplace, police treatment and establishments and public spaces.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The objectives, the methodology and the study questionnaire, have taken as a basis the previous studies carried out in 2010 and 2011, in order to allow the comparison of data from each of them.

From methodological estimations in these studies, the study object of this contract is proposed advance, deepen, and implement improvements that contribute to enrich quantitatively and qualitatively the same results, allowing a larger sample and, based on this, of a redesign of the sampling distribution. As in the study of 2011, this new study deepens especially in the field of employment and training, including aspects not analyzed in 2011.

Sample details and representativeness

• Questionnaire pp.220-231.
• 16 in-depth interviews
• 2 interviews with representatives from each of the 8 ethnic groups
• People interweaved were 16 years minimum (though the younger person being interviewed was a 23-year-old woman) and who had resided at least 6 months in Spain.
• in order to reflect the life situation of the members of these groups, the interview citizens had a medium socio-economic profile, thus avoiding both those with high resources as those with other kinds of situations already by itself may be discriminatory (as, for example, homelessness).
• It was difficult to find people of Pakistani and Asian origin have adequate knowledge of the Spanish language. Thus, most of these interviews have been made in English

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.