Belgium Belgium


ECRI Report, ECRI Conclusions on the implementation of the recommendations in respect of BELGIUM subject to interim follow-up, Adopted on 8 December 2016

View full Research



Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Monitoring body


ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities People of African descent & Black Europeans Religious minorities People with migrant background

Key findings

ECRI recommended that the Belgian authorities conclude as soon as possible the legislative process to turn the Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism into a fully independent interfederal institution dedicated to helping all victims of discrimination. The new Interfederal Centre for Equal Opportunities is called UNIA and it is one of the two bodies which have inherited the competencies of the former Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism. Thanks to its inter-federal nature, UNIA ensures the accessibility of services coming within its competence to every person in the country, whatever the legislation applicable to him/her, through a central contact point, and in collaboration with the Regions, Communities, Provinces and municipalities, through local contact points to which a claim may be filed.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The working methods for the preparation of the reports involve documentary analyses, a visit to the country concerned, and then a confidential dialogue with the national authorities.

Sample details and representativeness

ECRI’s reports are analyses based on a great deal of information gathered from a wide variety of sources.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.