Sweden Sweden


Hate crime 2016 – Statistics of police reports with identified hate crime motives and self-reported vulnerability to hate crime (Hatbrott 2016 – Statistik över polisanmälningar med identifierade hatbrottsmotiv och självrapporterad utsatthet för hatbrott) - The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brottsförebyggande rådet, Brå )

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Public authority


Sweden, The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brottsförebyggande rådet, Brå )

Main Thematic Focus

Hate speech Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities

Key findings

The report shows that of the types of hate crimes that are identified as antireligious, hate crimes with Islamophobic motives are most frequent. In 2016, 440 police reports of such crimes were received. Statistics show that the police reports on hate crimes with an Islamophobic was relatively stable between the years 2008 and 2013. Then an increase happened up until 2016. The most common types of hate crimes with Islamophobic motives in 2016 was unlawful threats (50 %), followed by infliction of gross damage (15%), agitation against an ethnic or national group, and defamation (13 respective 10 %)

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Quantitative. Data on self-reported vulnerability to hate crimes stems from three different sources combined; The Swedish Crime Survey (Nationell Trygghetsundersökning), is a self-reporting survey where a selection of the population aged 16-79 are interviewed about their experiences of around 10 types of crimes. The Politicians Security Survey (Politikernas Trygghetsundersökning) is also a self-reporting survey where all full members of the different political levels answer online questionnaires on their vulnerability to crime in the role as elected representatives. Lastly, The School Survey on Crime (Skolundersökningen om brott) is a self-reporting survey where a selection of pupils in ninth grade are interviewed about their vulnerability to crime. The methodologies of these sources are different, but they have in common that individuals via questionnaire or telephone interviews have answered if they themselves consider that they have been exposed to hate crime during the foregoing year

Sample details and representativeness

The numbers of respondents and sampling methodologies regarding self-reported vulnerability to hate crime vary, as explained in the cell to the left. Regarding police reports of hate crimes, such are found by searching for hatecrime related words and phrases in a randomised selction of half of the reports that are recieved.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.