Belgium Belgium


UNIA, Meausres and Climate: The consequences post-attacks - files handled by UNIA (Mesures et climat Conséquences post-attentats – Dossiers traités par Unia) 

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Human rights or equality body


Belgium, UNIA Interfederal Centre for Equal Opportunities (Centre interfédéral pour l’égalité des chances/ Interfederaal Gelijkekansencentrum/Interföderales Zentrum für Chancengleichheit)

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia

Target Population

General population

Key findings

Exploration of the impact of the terrorist attacks on racism, islamophobia in Belgium. Using the files of complaints received between 2010 – 2017, the quantitative analysis reveals an increase in numbers of complaints following the terrorist attacks from 2015 onwards. The qualitative analysis of the files from 2015-2017 identify 6 themes that are the main cause for the complaints received: insults in public, employment, training and education; imposition of security orders that lead to refusal or withdrawal of residence permits/visas; closure of bank accounts; presumption of radicalisation.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Quantitative and qualitative analysis of the complaint files of the national equality body UNIA between 2010-2017.

Sample details and representativeness

111 complaints received from 2010 –2017. The sample refers only to files where the individual victim has been identified or is identifiable. Therefore, files related to hate crime or incitement of hatred on the internet are not included.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.