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Ministery of the Interior (Ministere de l'interieur)(2020) Racist, xenophobic or anti-religious offences in 2019 (Les atteintes à caractère raciste, xénophobe ou antireligieux en 2019) - Interstats Analyse N°26

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Type of publication

Desk research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Public authority


France- Ministry of the Interior (Ministère de l’Intérieur)

Main Thematic Focus

Religious freedom Islamophobia Racism & xenophobia Discrimination

Target Population

Ethnic minorities Muslims Migrants

Key findings

In 2019, the national police and gendarmerie services recorded 5,730 crimes and offences (crimes et délits) and 5,100 contraventions, all committed on the basis of ethnicity, nation, supposed race or religion ('of a racist nature'), throughout France. More than 70% of 'racist' crimes are public insults, provocation or defamation. Compared to 2018, the number of 'racist' crimes recorded by the police in 2019 is generally higher (+11%), and the number of contraventions has increased significantly (+26%). There are significant disparities across mainland France: the number of victims of 'racist' crimes (crimes et délits) recorded by the police in relation to the number of inhabitants is higher in the Ile-de-France region, where all Departments have a recorded crime rate that was equal to or higher than the national average in 2019.

In 2019, 2,150 people were charged by the police with 'racially motivated' crimes or offences. While men, middle-aged people (25-54) and foreign nationals from African countries are over-represented among victims associated with 'racially motivated' crimes recorded by the police, those charged with the same crimes and offences are much closer in their characteristics to the general population than all persons charged with a crime as a whole.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Analysis of complaints

Sample details and representativeness

See L12

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.