Italy Italy


ECRI Report, ECRI Conclusions on the implementation of the recommendations in respect of ITALY subject to interim follow-up, Adopted on 9 December 2014

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Monitoring body


ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination Ethnic profiling

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities People with migrant background Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

ECRI notes that, despite a large range of activities, no legislation has yet been enacted to extend formally UNAR’s competence to cases of discrimination on grounds of colour, language, religion and citizenship;
since UNAR’s establishment in 2003, its statutory powers remain restricted to combating discrimination based on race and ethnic origin. ECRI also notes that while the number of NGOs and trade unions entitled to represent victims of discrimination or bring cases concerning collective
discrimination before the courts has increased, UNAR itself is still not entitled to bring legal proceedings in discrimination cases and its intervention is limited to amicus curiae

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The working methods for the preparation of the reports involve documentary analyses, a visit to the country concerned, and then a confidential dialogue with the national authorities.

Sample details and representativeness

ECRI’s reports are analyses based on a great deal of information gathered from a wide variety of sources.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.