Estonia Estonia


ECRI Report, (fourth monitoring cycle). Published on 13 October 2015

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Monitoring body


ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Discrimination Ethnic profiling

Target Population

Muslims Migrants Ethnic minorities People with migrant background Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

ECRI believes that the low number of racist cases is the result of a significant level of under-reporting by victims of hate crimes.
Hate crimes that have been reported, were not investigated by the police.
ECRI has noted a particular problem of racist hate speech in political discourse.
In terms of the criminal-law response, ECRI observes that few cases have been dealt with by the courts. ECRI believes that this situation is a result of the substance of the provisions criminalizing incitement to hatred and that this could be improved by the initiative of the Ministry of Justice to amend the provisions of the Criminal Code addressing the issues of racism, intolerance and racial discrimination.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The working methods for the preparation of the reports involve documentary analyses, a visit to the country concerned, and then a confidential dialogue with the national authorities.

Sample details and representativeness

ECRI’s reports are analyses based on a great deal of information gathered from a wide variety of sources.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.