This FRA Opinion covers the areas of judicial and non-judicial remedies, as well as issues related to their effective implementation. Based on the analysis of these three areas, the following 21 specific opinions are clustered under six headings:
- Lowering barriers to make judicial remedies more accessible
- Enhancing the effectiveness of judicial remedies – especially in extraterritorial situations
- Ensuring effective remedies through criminal justice
- Ensuring effective non-judicial remedies – state based and non-state based
- Implementing access to remedy – transparency and data collection
- Implementing access to remedy – action plans, coordination and due diligence
Lowering barriers to access remedy would help victims of business-related human rights abuse to have their rights realised. Victims should, for instance, more easily be able to get assistance with how and where to bring a case, and should have a more level playing field with business to provide evidence. FRA’s findings from research in related areas suggest that more could be done to ensure effective access to remedy for business-related human rights abuse within the EU.