European Union and international law clearly prohibits returning people to places where they risk serious harm. EU Member States also have to respect these laws when they cooperate with non-EU countries when controlling the EU’s external borders. To uphold the rights and principles of these laws, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has developed practical guidance.
The UN’s landmark Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) has been a catalyst for wide-ranging legal and policy changes across the EU. In recognition, the EU is marking the European Day of Persons with Disabilities by celebrating 10 years of the convention.
Widespread deprivation is destroying Roma lives. Families are living excluded from society in shocking conditions, while children with little education face bleak prospects for the future, a new report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) shows. The report analyses the gaps in Roma inclusion around the EU to guide Member States seeking to improve their integration policies.
EU Member States are increasingly involved in border management activities on the high seas, within – or in cooperation with – third countries, and at the EU’s borders. Such activities entail risks of violating the principle of non-refoulement, the cornerstone of the international legal regime for the protection of refugees, which prohibits returning individuals to a risk of persecution. This guidance outlines specific suggestions on how to reduce the risk of refoulement in these
situations – a practical tool developed with the input of experts during a meeting held in
Vienna in March of 2016.
EU Member States are increasingly involved in border management activities on the high seas, within – or in
cooperation with – third countries, and at the EU’s borders. Such activities entail risks of violating the principle
of non-refoulement, the cornerstone of the international legal regime for the protection of refugees, which
prohibits returning individuals to a risk of persecution. This report aims to encourage fundamental-rights
compliant approaches to border management, including by highlighting potential grey areas.
Some 80% of Roma surveyed live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold; every third Roma lives in housing without tap water; every third Roma child lives in a household where someone went to bed hungry at least once in the previous month; and 50 % of Roma between the ages of six and 24 do not attend school. This report underscores an unsettling but unavoidable reality: the European Union’s largest ethnic minority continues to face intolerable discrimination and unequal access to vital services.
Asylum seekers and migrants face various forms of violence and harassment across the European Union (EU). As this month’s report on the migration situation underscores, such acts are both perpetrated and condoned by state authorities, private individuals, as well as vigilante groups. They increasingly also target activists and politicians perceived as ‘pro-refugee’.
Media content and political discourse in EU Member States, whether online or
offline, show incitement to discrimination, hatred or violence on different
grounds, as evidence collected by FRA reveals. The growing reliance on the internet as the main source of
information for many enables the fast spread of often unverified statements
that could also incite to hatred.
A free and pluralist media is vital to the democratic functioning of the European
Union (EU) and its Member States. However, journalists and other media actors
in the EU face various challenges, including violence, threats and other forms of
pressure, both direct and indirect.
EU Member States have largely implemented, and started applying, three instruments on transferring prison
sentences, probation measures and alternative sanctions, as well as pre-trial supervision measures, to other
Member States. This report provides an overview of their first experiences with these measures, highlighting both
best practices and shortcomings.
Protecting the human rights of individuals subject to criminal proceedings is an essential element of the rule of
law. Persons who are suspected or accused of crimes in countries other than their own are particularly vulnerable,
making appropriate procedural safeguards especially crucial. This report reviews Member States’ legal
frameworks, policies and practices regarding the important rights provided in these directives, including with
respect to individuals whose needs may require additional attention, such as persons with disabilities and children.
In view of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU, the European Commission asked FRA to collect data about the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in those Member States that have been particularly affected by large migration movements. This month's focus section reviews persistent key issues since initial reporting began one year ago.
This opinion addresses the designation and operation of a framework established under Article 33 (2) of the CRPD at EU level (EU Framework). It aims to clarify the requirements of an EU Framework in light of the monitoring practice and jurisprudence of the CRPD Committee and – with regard to the concept of independence –the Committee interpreting the Paris Principles on the establishment of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs).
FRA’s opinions highlight general fundamental rights implications to be considered when applying the safe countries of origin concept. They should be read together with the relevant safeguards the Asylum Procedures Directive establishes. These safeguards provide for minimum guarantees that must also fully apply to applicants originating from countries on the proposed EU common list of safe countries of origin.
The proposal to establish a possible legislative instrument supplementing the existing European Criminal Records Information System with information on third-country nationals convicted in the EU raises a number of fundamental rights issues.