Summary

From institutions to community living: key findings and FRA opinions
May
2018

From institutions to community living: key findings and FRA opinions

Summary
EU Member States, and the EU itself have ratified the CRPD, committing themselves to achieving independent living for persons with disabilities. Doing so requires a meaningful and sustainable shift from institutional to community-based living arrangements. This publication summarises the findings from the three FRA reports focusing on different aspects of deinstitutionalisation.
Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU – Summary
May
2018

Challenges facing civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU – Summary

Summary
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental rights, but it has become harder for them do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions. This summary outlines the main findings and FRA’s opinions on the different types and patterns of challenges faced by civil society organisations across the EU,
Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the European Union – Volume II – Summary
May
2018

Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the European Union – Volume II – Summary

Summary
With terrorism, cyber-attacks and sophisticated cross-border criminal networks posing growing threats, the work of intelligence services has become more urgent, complex and international. Such work can strongly interfere with fundamental rights, especially privacy and data protection. While continuous technological advances potentially exacerbate the threat of such interference, effective oversight and remedies can curb the potential for abuse.
Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union - Summary
January
2018

Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the European Union - Summary

Summary
Guardians are a key element of a protection system for children who are temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment and cannot have their interests represented by their parents. Great disparities exist between the types of guardianship provided to children in and within European Union (EU) Member States. This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation.
Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary
April
2017

Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary

Summary
Hate crime is the most severe expression of discrimination and a core fundamental rights abuse. The European Union (EU) has demonstrated its resolve to tackle hate crime with legislation such as the 2008 Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. Nonetheless, the majority of hate crimes perpetrated in the EU remain unreported and therefore invisible, leaving victims without redress.
Child-friendly justice – perspectives and experiences of children and professionals - Summary
February
2017

Child-friendly justice – perspectives and experiences of children and professionals - Summary

Summary
Around 2.5 million children participate in judicial proceedings across the European Union (EU) every year, affected by parental divorce or as victims of, or witnesses to, crime. Although their effective participation in such proceedings is vital for improving the operation of justice, the treatment of children in justice systems remains a concern.
Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union - Summary
March
2016

Severe labour exploitation: workers moving within or into the European Union - Summary

Summary
Worker exploitation is not an isolated or marginal phenomenon. But despite its pervasiveness in everyday life, severe labour exploitation and its adverse effects on third-country nationals and EU citizens – as workers, but also as consumers – have to date not received much attention from researchers. This report identifies risk factors contributing to such exploitation and discusses means of improving the situation and highlights the challenges EU institutions and Member States face in making the right of workers who have moved within or into the EU to decent working conditions a reality.
Violence against children with disabilities: legislation, policies and programmes in the EU - Summary
December
2015

Violence against children with disabilities: legislation, policies and programmes in the EU - Summary

Summary
Children with disabilities face significant barriers to enjoying their fundamental rights. They are often excluded from society, sometimes living in facilities far from their families. They are also denied access to basic services, such as health care and education, and endure stigma and discrimination, as well as sexual, physical and psychological violence. This summary report outlines relevant international and European standards and reviews national legislation and policies addressing violence against children with disabilities. The summary also explores the extent and different causes, settings and forms of such violence, and presents measures and initiatives to prevent it.
Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU - Summary
November
2015

Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU - Summary

Summary
In April 2014, the European Parliament requested the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) “to undertake in–depth research on the protection of fundamental rights in the context of surveillance”. This summary presents FRA’s main research findings, which are published in full in the report entitled Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU – Mapping Member States’ legal frameworks.
Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary
September
2015

Cost of exclusion from healthcare – The case of migrants in an irregular situation – Summary

Summary
The right to health is a basic social right. However, its understanding and application differs across the European Union (EU) Member States, which results in different healthcare services being offered to migrants in an irregular situation. This summary looks into the potential costs of providing migrants in an irregular situation with timely access to health screening and treatment, compared to providing medical treatment only in emergency cases.
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