LGBTI

In many EU Member States, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people run the risk of discrimination and harassment on a daily basis. Prejudices and misconceptions about homosexuality and transgender people further fuel intolerant attitudes and behaviour towards this community. FRA has carried out research in this area since 2008, including legal as well as empirical (qualitative) research.

Sexual orientation and gender identity have increasingly been recognised as discrimination grounds in international law. Under EU law, lesbian, bisexual and gay people are currently protected from discrimination on the ground of sexual orientation only in the field of employment. Meanwhile, transgender people are legally protected from discrimination under EU law on the ground of sex to the extent that discrimination arises from gender reassignment.

FRA research has revealed how LGBTI people face discrimination across all areas of life, and how they are vulnerable to verbal and physical attacks, choosing to remain largely invisible out of fear of negative consequences. In 2012, some 93,000 LGBT people responded to an EU-wide survey which FRA carried out to discover the everyday issues affecting LGBT people. This survey collected comparable data from across the EU on LGBT people’s experiences of hate crime and discrimination for the first time, as well as their level of awareness about their rights. The survey results were published in May 2013 and gave an indication of the extent of the suffering many LGBT people face across the EU today.

The results of the survey will be supplemented by research among public officials and key professional groups in the areas of public equalities policies, education, health and law enforcement. The research aims at identifying drivers and barriers to the full implementation of the fundamental rights of LGBTI people.

FRA has also, for the first time, looked into the rights of intersex people. In a Focus Paper, FRA reported that sex ‘normalising’ surgery is carried out on intersex children in at least 21 Member States. Furthermore, intersex people often face various administrative and legal obstacles which stand in the way of the recognition of their fundamental rights.

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11/04/2017

1st Intersex International Europe community event

The Agency’s Director gave the opening address at the Intersex International Europe’s 1st Community Event organised by the Organisation Intersex International, Platform Intersex and Vienna’s Antidiscrimination Office (WASt) at the Vienna City Council on 1 April.
LGBTI asylum seekers lack adequate support
27/03/2017

LGBTI asylum seekers lack adequate support

Significant numbers of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people have come to Europe fleeing persecution in their home countries but asylum barriers hinder them from receiving the protection they are entitled to. These are some of the findings from the latest summary report of FRA on migration-related fundamental rights concerns in selected EU Member States. It examines some of the difficulties LGBTI asylum seekers face in order to draw attention to gaps in their protection.
02/03/2017

Combating discrimination for LGBTIQ workers

Combating discrimination and strengthening the rights of LGBTIQ workers was the focus of a seminar organised by the European Trade Union Confederation and the European Trade union Institute.

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Status: 
Findings available

Surveying LGBT people and authorities

This project encompasses two related surveys: A survey on discrimination against and victimisation of LGBT people. This survey aims to generate comparable data about the actual experiences of LGBT people living in the EU today This will be complemented by the views of public official and professionals in 19 Member States.

Latest publications View all

Fundamental Rights Report 2016
May
2016

Fundamental Rights Report 2016

Annual report
The European Union (EU) and its Member States introduced and pursued numerous initiatives to safeguard and strengthen fundamental rights in 2015. Some of these efforts produced important progress; others fell short of their aims. Meanwhile, various global developments brought new – and exacerbated existing – challenges.
Fundamental Rights Report 2016 - FRA opinions
May
2016

Fundamental Rights Report 2016 - FRA opinions

Annual report
The European Union (EU) and its Member States introduced and pursued numerous initiatives to safeguard and strengthen fundamental rights in 2015. FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2016 summarises and analyses major developments in the fundamental rights field, noting both progress made and persisting obstacles. This publication presents FRA’s opinions on the main developments in the thematic areas covered and a synopsis of the evidence supporting these opinions. In so doing, it provides a compact but informative overview of the main fundamental rights challenges confronting the EU and its Member States.