People with disabilities

People with disabilities make an enormous contribution to European society, but often face barriers that prevent them from participating in society on an equal basis with others. Realising the core EU values of dignity, autonomy, equality and inclusion means removing the obstacles that hinder the full and effective participation of the 80 million people with disabilities living in the EU.

The EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights prohibits discrimination on the ground of disability and recognises the right of people with disabilities to benefit from measures to ensure their independence, social and occupational integration and participation in the life of the community. The rights of persons with disabilities in the EU are also protected by the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). In 2010, the EU accepted the CRPD, the first time the EU itself has accepted an international human rights treaty.

FRA’s work on the rights of persons with disabilities is framed by the principles of self-determination, participation and inclusion set out in the CRPD. FRA examines where legal and social barriers exist, and identifies practices EU Member States have introduced to empower people with disabilities. FRA also develops human rights indicators to show how Member States are meeting their obligations under the CRPD.

As part of the EU Framework to promote, protect and monitor the implementation of the CRPD, FRA helps to ensure that the convention is implemented effectively and efficiently by the EU in its area of competence.

Latest news View all

Towards inclusive citizenship
04/12/2017

Towards inclusive citizenship

Citizenship is a great enabler, bringing with it many rights. But when trying to enjoy their rights many people with disabilities face constant barriers. As this year’s European Day of Persons with Disabilities focuses on citizenship, FRA calls for greater efforts to build a fairer and more inclusive Europe so people with disabilities can live as fully-fledged citizens.

Latest projects View all

Status: 
Findings available

Children with disabilities: targeted violence and hostility

This project will look at hostility, including violence, towards children with disabilities across the EU. It seeks to identify the legal and policy framework, as well as determine how information about such hostility is being collected. In addition, the project will look for examples of promising practices of how some Member States are addressing the problem.

Latest publications View all

From institutions to community living - Part I: commitments and structures
October
2017

From institutions to community living - Part I: commitments and structures

Report
Discussions are under way at the European Union (EU) and national levels about how best to realise the transition from institutional to community-based support. This report contributes to these by bringing together some of the key issues that have emerged from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights’ (FRA) human rights indicators on Member States’ political and practical commitment to deinstitutionalisation.
From institutions to community living - Part II: funding and budgeting
October
2017

From institutions to community living - Part II: funding and budgeting

Report
The transition from institution- to community-based support for persons with disabilities is a complex process that requires multifaceted efforts. These include putting in place commitments and structures for achieving deinstitutionalisation and measuring outcomes for persons with disabilities. This report shows that effectively funding the deinstitutionalisation process is a vital element.