While some EU member states have successfully removed the hindrances that stop disabled people from participating fully in the labour market and society at large, this still poses a challenge for other countries. FRA examines where legal and social barriers exist, and identifies the good practices some states have introduced that empower people with disabilities. Initial work has focused on the difficulties people with intellectual disabilities or mental health problems face. Future work will investigate the situation of children with disabilities and work to develop disability indicators.
The values of dignity, autonomy, equality and inclusion are key EU principles. With the UN’s most recent human rights treaty, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), the core concepts of self-determination, participation and inclusion have been expressly linked to people with disabilities, namely "those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others".
The EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights prohibits discrimination on the ground of disability and recognises the right of disabled people to integration.