Racism & related intolerances

Despite a number of legal instruments that offer protection against racism and related forms of intolerance, ethnic and religious minorities across the EU continue to face racism, discrimination, verbal and physical violence, and exclusion.

For policy makers to take considered decisions on means to combat racism, they need information from the ground in addition to their knowledge of international and European legislation. FRA research provides evidence of racism and related intolerances, as well as the unequal treatment of ethnic minorities, while the agency’s studies also supply information about the fight against discrimination in key areas of social life.

All EU member states have accepted the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD). They are therefore obliged to prevent, prohibit and eradicate all forms of racial discrimination and incitement to racial hatred.

The EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, ethnic origin and religion or belief. The EU has passed detailed legislation that addresses discrimination in various areas of life. Member states are also bound to combat public incitement to violence and hatred against people of different race, colour, religion, or national or ethnic descent by means of criminal law.

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Human rights protection and stronger security go hand-in-hand
09/01/2018

Human rights protection and stronger security go hand-in-hand

Protecting human rights is not an obstacle to combating terrorism was one of the FRA Director’s central messages to the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Terrorism. Instead, adopting a human rights-respectful approach can foster a safe society and boost security, as he outlined during his exchange of views with committee members during their meeting on 8 January in Brussels.
A year in review: looking back at FRA over 2017 - #FactNotFake
19/12/2017

A year in review: looking back at FRA over 2017 - #FactNotFake

In 2017, the Agency marked its 10-year anniversary at a time when fundamental rights continue to be challenged. It was an opportunity to take stock of what has been achieved while acknowledging much still remains to be done to reposition respect for fundamental rights as a core value across Europe.

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Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey - Main results
December
2017

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey - Main results

Report
Seventeen years after adoption of EU laws that forbid discrimination, immigrants, descendants of immigrants, and minority ethnic groups continue to face widespread discrimination across the EU and in all areas of life – most often when seeking employment. For many, discrimination is a recurring experience. This is just one of the findings of FRA’s second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II), which collected information from over 25,500 respondents with different ethnic minority and immigrant backgrounds across all 28 EU Member States.
Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Muslims – Selected findings
September
2017

Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) Muslims – Selected findings

Report
Muslims living in the EU face discrimination in a broad range of settings – and particularly when looking for work, on the job, and when trying to access public or private services. The report examines how characteristics – such as an individual's first and last name, skin colour and the wearing of visible religious symbols like a headscarf, for example – may trigger discriminatory treatment and harassment.