Roma

The Romani flag
The Romani flag
For more than a thousand years, Roma people have been an integral part of European civilisation. Today, with an estimated population of 10-12 million in Europe, approximately six million of whom live in the EU, Roma people are the biggest ethnic minority in Europe.

The available evidence suggests that many Roma (which include Travellers, Gypsies, Manouches, Ashkali and Sinti) live in overwhelmingly poor conditions on the margins of society, and face extreme levels of social exclusion. FRA surveys undertaken in 2008 and 2012 also found that prejudice, intolerance and discrimination affect a large proportion of Roma living in the member states, most of whom are EU citizens.

In April 2011, the European Commission issued a Communication on an EU framework for national Roma integration strategies, which asked FRA to contribute to monitoring and assisting EU-wide efforts to implement the EU’s plan for Roma integration.

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits any discrimination based on race, colour, ethnic or social origin. The chapters on freedoms and solidarity establish the right to education and access to preventive healthcare and medical treatment. The charter also guarantees respect for cultural, religious and linguistic diversity.

Roma survey data explorer

Explore Roma survey results online >> 

Interactive tool allows users to visualise survey results on maps, compare results graphically between countries or browse results by topic.

Latest news View all

Roma Holocaust Day – learning from the past
02/08/2018

Roma Holocaust Day – learning from the past

Hundreds of thousands of Roma were victimised during World War Two. On Roma Holocaust Memorial Day, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights honours this day and calls on Member States to do more to end the antigypsyism that Roma communities across Europe continue to face in their daily lives.

Latest projects View all

Status: 
Ongoing

Roma and Travellers Survey 2018

This survey will look at the socio-demographic situation of Roma and Travellers in six EU Member States. It will also look at their experiences of discrimination. Together such data will assess their level of inclusion in these Member States.
Status: 
Ongoing

Local Engagement for Roma Inclusion (LERI) - Multi-Annual Roma Programme

LERI is a qualitative action research project under FRA’s multi-annual Roma Programme. It was developed in response to the European Commission’s Communication on an EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies up to 2020. LERI brings together local authorities and residents, in particular Roma, to investigate how they can best be involved in Roma integration actions, and identify which aspects of these actions work, which do not, and why.

Latest publications View all

Transition from education to employment of young Roma in nine EU Member States
July
2018

Transition from education to employment of young Roma in nine EU Member States

Report
Across the European Union, Member States are faced with the challenge of integrating Europe’s most deprived and disenfranchised minority groups. As a follow up to the EU-MIDIS II findings on Roma, this report presents FRA’s findings relating to the issues of education and employment. Encouraging Roma participation in education and employment equips communities with higher incomes, better life opportunities and greater social inclusion.
Fundamental Rights Report 2018
June
2018

Fundamental Rights Report 2018

Annual report
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of rights protection. The European Pillar of Social Rights marked an important move towards a more ‘social Europe’. But, as experiences with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights underscore, agreement on a text is merely a first step. Even in its eighth year as the EU's binding bill of rights, the Charter's potential was not fully exploited, highlighting the need to more actively promote its use.
Fundamental Rights Report 2018 - FRA opinions
June
2018

Fundamental Rights Report 2018 - FRA opinions

Annual report
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of fundamental rights protection. FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2018 reviews major developments in the EU between January and December 2017, and outlines FRA’s opinions thereon.