The prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment is a cornerstone of the international and European human rights protection regimes. Nevertheless, a significant number of migrants and asylum applicants experience or witness physical and psychological violence, inhuman or degrading treatment, or are victims of other violent crimes. Most of these cases involve their countries of origin, but incidents do also occur both in transit countries and in the European Union (EU). These experiences can trigger or intensify trauma and undermine mental health.
This report covers: