FRA’s report ‘Migration: Fundamental rights issues at land borders’ first describes the applicable EU law governing border controls. It then clarifies how EU countries’ duty to protect their borders can affect fundamental rights.
It reviews different aspects of border management, such as border surveillance, preventing irregular border crossings, and checks at border crossing points. It also illustrates the impact. This ranges from people dying at borders to allegations of pushbacks or the use of excessive force.
To ensure full respect for fundamental rights at the EU external borders, FRA suggests: