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Articolo 50 - Diritto di non essere giudicato o punito due volte per lo stesso reato

Articolo 50 - Diritto di non essere giudicato o punito due volte per lo stesso reato

Nessuno può essere perseguito o condannato per un reato per il quale è già stato assolto o condannato nell'Unione a seguito di una sentenza penale definitiva conformemente alla legge.

    Text:

    L'articolo 4 del protocollo n. 7 della CEDU recita:

    `1. Nessuno può essere perseguito o condannato penalmente dalla giurisdizione dello stesso Stato per un reato per il quale è già stato assolto o condannato a seguito di una sentenza definitiva conformemente alla legge ed alla procedura penale di tale Stato.

    2. Le disposizioni del paragrafo precedente non impediscono la riapertura del processo, conformemente alla legge ed alla procedura penale dello Stato interessato, se fatti sopravvenuti o nuove rivelazioni o un vizio fondamentale nella procedura antecedente sono in grado di inficiare la sentenza intervenuta.

    3. Non è autorizzata alcuna deroga al presente articolo ai sensi dell'articolo 15 della convenzione.`.

    La regola `ne bis in idem` si applica nel diritto dell'Unione (cfr., in una vasta giurisprudenza, la sentenza del 5 maggio 1966, Gutmann/Commissione, cause 18/65 e 35/65, Racc. 1966, pag. 150 e, per una causa recente, la sentenza del Tribunale di primo grado del 20 aprile 1999, cause riunite T-305/94 e altre, Limburgse Vinyl Maatschappij NV e a./Commissione, Racc. 1999, pag. II-931). Va precisato che la regola che vieta il cumulo si riferisce al cumulo di due sanzioni della stessa natura, nella fattispecie penali.

    Ai sensi dell'articolo 50, la regola `ne bis in idem` non si applica solo all'interno della giurisdizione di uno stesso Stato, ma anche tra giurisdizioni di più Stati membri. Ciò corrisponde all'acquis del diritto dell'Unione; cfr. articoli da 54 a 58 della convenzione di applicazione dell'accordo di Schengen, sentenza della Corte di giustizia, dell' 11 febbraio 2003, causa C-187/01 Gözütok (Racc. 2003, pag. I-1345), articolo 7 della convenzione relativa alla tutela degli interessi finanziari delle Comunità europee e articolo 10 della convenzione relativa alla lotta contro la corruzione. Le eccezioni, molto limitate, per le quali dette convenzioni consentono agli Stati membri di derogare alla regola `ne bis in idem` sono disciplinate dalla clausola orizzontale dell'articolo 52, paragrafo 1, sulle limitazioni. Per quanto riguarda le situazioni contemplate dall'articolo 4 del protocollo 7, vale a dire l'applicazione del principio all'interno di uno Stato membro, il diritto garantito ha lo stesso significato e la stessa portata del corrispondente diritto sancito dalla CEDU.

    Source:
    Gazzetta ufficiale dell'Unione europea C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Le presenti spiegazioni erano state elaborate, nella versione iniziale, sotto l'autorità del praesidium della Convenzione che aveva redatto la Carta dei diritti fondamentali dell’Unione europea e sono ora state aggiornate sotto la responsabilità del praesidium della Convenzione europea, sulla scorta degli adeguamenti redazionali che quest’ultima Convenzione ha apportato al testo della Carta (in particolare agli articoli 51 e 52) e dell’evoluzione del diritto dell’Unione. Benché non abbiano di per sé status di legge, esse rappresentano un prezioso strumento d’interpretazione destinato a chiarire le disposizioni della Carta.

21 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms

    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 40 (5) No one may be criminally prosecuted for an act for which she has already been finally convicted or acquitted. This rule shall not preclude the application, in conformity with law, of extraordinary procedures of legal redress.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod

    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 40 (5) Nikdo nemůže být trestně stíhán za čin, pro který již byl pravomocně odsouzen nebo zproštěn obžaloby. Tato zásada nevylučuje uplatnění mimořádných opravných prostředků v souladu se zákonem.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 31 No one may be sentenced or punished twice for the same criminal offence for which criminal proceedings were dismissed finally, or for which the charge was finally rejected, or for which the person was acquitted or convicted by a final judgement. 

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije

    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    31. člen Nihče ne sme biti ponovno obsojen ali kaznovan zaradi kaznivega dejanja, za katero je bil kazenski postopek zoper njega pravnomočno ustavljen, ali je bila obtožba zoper njega pravnomočno zavrnjena, ali je bil s pravnomočno sodbo oproščen ali obsojen.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic

    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 50 (...) (5) No one may be criminally prosecuted for an act for which he has already been sentenced, or of which he has already been acquitted. This principle does not rule out the application of extraordinary remedies in compliance with the law. (...)

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky

    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 50 (...) (5) Nikoho nemožno trestne stíhať za čin, za ktorý bol už právoplatne odsúdený alebo oslobodený spod obžaloby. Táto zásada nevylučuje uplatnenie mimoriadnych opravných prostriedkov v súlade so zákonom.(...)

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa

    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 29.º (Aplicação da lei criminal) 5. Ninguém pode ser julgado mais do que uma vez pela prática do mesmo crime.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic

    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 29 (Application of criminal law) (5) No one may be tried more than once for commission of the same crime.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania

    URL:
    Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 31. […] No one may be punished twice for the same offence.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija

    URL:
    Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Country:
    Lithuania

    31 straipsnis. [...] Niekas negali būti baudžiamas už tą patį nusikaltimą antrą kartą.

  • Unenumerated constitutional right identified by the Irish Courts

    URL:
    Unenumerated constitutional right identified by the Irish Courts
    Country:
    Ireland

    In the case of The People (DPP) v Quilligan (No 2) [1989] IR 46, Judge Hency of the Supreme Court stated: 'This rule (or principle), which is sometimes referred to as the rule against double jeopardy, is but an aspect of the canon of fundamental fairness of legal procedures, inherent in our Constitution, which is expressed in the maxim nemo debet bis vexari pro eadem causa.'

  • Magyarország Alaptörvénye

    URL:
    Magyarország Alaptörvénye
    Country:
    Hungary

    XXVIII. cikk (SZABADSÁG ÉS FELELŐSSÉG) […] (6) A jogorvoslat törvényben meghatározott rendkívüli esetei kivételével senki nem vonható büntetőeljárás alá, és nem ítélhető el olyan bűncselekményért, amely miatt Magyarországon vagy – nemzetközi szerződés, illetve az Európai Unió jogi aktusa által meghatározott körben – más államban törvénynek megfelelően már jogerősen felmentették vagy elítélték.

  • The Fundamental Law of Hungary

    URL:
    The Fundamental Law of Hungary
    Country:
    Hungary

    Article XXVIII (Freedom and Responsibility) […] (6) With the exception of extraordinary cases of legal remedy laid down in an Act, no one shall be prosecuted or convicted for a criminal offence for which he or she has already been finally acquitted or convicted in Hungary or, within the scope specified in an international treaty and a legal act of the European Union, in another State, as provided for by an Act.

  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany

    URL:
    Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    Country:
    Germany

    Artikel 103 (3) No person may be punished for the same act more than once under the general criminal laws.

  • Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    URL:
    Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Country:
    Germany

    Artikel 103 (3) Niemand darf wegen derselben Tat auf Grund der allgemeinen Strafgesetze mehrmals bestraft werden.

  • The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus

    Country:
    Cyprus

    12(2). A person who has been acquitted or convicted of an offence shall not be tried again for the same offence. No person shall be punished twice for the same act or omission except where death ensues from such act or omission.

  • Tο Σύνταγμα της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας

    Country:
    Cyprus

    12(2). Ο απαλλαγείς ή καταδικασθείς δεν δικάζεται εκ δευτέρου διά το αυτό αδίκημα. Ουδείς τιμωρείται εκ δευτέρου διά την αυτήν πράξιν ή παράλειψιν, εκτός εάν συνεπεία ταύτης προεκλήθη θάνατος.]

  • Constitution of the Republic of Croatia

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Croatia
    Country:
    Croatia

    Article 31 (2)No one may be re-tried nor penalized in criminal prosecution for an act for which such individual has already been acquitted or sentenced by a binding court judgment in accordance with law. (3)The cases and reasons for the renewal of court proceedings under paragraph (2) of this Article may be stipulated solely by law, in accordance with the Constitution and international treaties.

  • Ustav Republike Hrvatske

    URL:
    Ustav Republike Hrvatske
    Country:
    Croatia

    Članak 31. (2)Nikome se ne može ponovno suditi niti ga se može kazniti u kaznenom postupku za kazneno djelo za koje je već pravomoćno oslobođen ili osuđen u skladu sa zakonom. (3)Samo se zakonom, u skladu s Ustavom i međunarodnim ugovorom, mogu propisati slučajevi i razlozi za obnovu postupka iz stavka 2. ovoga članka.

  • 7. Zusatzprotokoll zur Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten

    URL:
    7. Zusatzprotokoll zur Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 4 (1) Niemand darf wegen einer strafbaren Handlung, wegen der er bereits nach dem Gesetz und dem Strafverfahrensrecht eines Staates rechtskräftig verurteilt oder freigesprochen worden ist, in einem Strafverfahren desselben Staates erneut vor Gericht gestellt oder bestraft werden.

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3 results found

  • Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law

    URL:
    (Directive on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law)

    Preamble: (21) Given the possibility of multiple jurisdictions for cross-border criminal offences falling under the scope of this Directive, the Member States should ensure that the principle of ne bis in idem is respected in full in the application of national law transposing this Directive ... (28) The intended dissuasive effect of the application of criminal law sanctions requires particular caution with regard to fundamental rights. This Directive respects fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the ‘Charter’) and in particular the right to liberty and security, the protection of personal data, the freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work, the freedom to conduct a business, the right to property, the right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial, the presumption of innocence and the right of defence, the principles of the legality and proportionality of criminal offences and sanctions, as well as the principle of ne bis in idem. This Directive seeks to ensure full respect for those rights and principles and must be implemented accordingly.

  • Directive 2014/41/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

    URL:
    Directive on regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

    Preamble: (17) The principle of ne bis in idem is a fundamental principle of law in the Union, as recognised by the Charter and developed by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Therefore the executing authority should be entitled to refuse the execution of an EIO if its execution would be contrary to that principle. Given the preliminary nature of the proceedings underlying an EIO, its execution should not be subject to refusal where it is aimed to establish whether a possible conflict with the ne bis in idem principle exists, or where the issuing authority has provided assurances that the evidence transferred as a result of the execution of the EIO would not be used to prosecute or impose a sanction on a person whose case has been finally disposed of in another Member State for the same facts. ... Article 11. Grounds for non-recognition or non-execution: 1. Without prejudice to Article 1(4), recognition or execution of an EIO may be refused in the executing State where: ... (d) the execution of the EIO would be contrary to the principle of ne bis in idem

  • Directive 2014/57/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on criminal sanctions for market abuse (market abuse directive)

    URL:
    Directive on criminal sanctions for market abuse (market abuse directive)

    Preamble: (23) The scope of this Directive is determined in such a way as to complement, and ensure the effective implementation of, Regulation (EU) No 596/2014. Whereas offences should be punishable under this Directive when committed intentionally and at least in serious cases, sanctions for breaches of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 do not require that intent is proven or that they are qualified as serious. In the application of national law transposing this Directive, Member States should ensure that the imposition of criminal sanctions for offences in accordance with this Directive and of administrative sanctions in accordance with the Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 does not lead to a breach of the principle of ne bis in idem.