eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

50 straipsnis - Teisė nebūti du kartus teisiamam ar baudžiamam už tą pačią nusikalstamą veiką

50 straipsnis - Teisė nebūti du kartus teisiamam ar baudžiamam už tą pačią nusikalstamą veiką

Niekas negali būti antrą kartą teisiamas ar baudžiamas už nusikalstamą veiką, dėl kurios Sąjungoje jis jau buvo galutinai išteisintas ar pripažintas kaltu pagal įstatymą.

  • Text:

    EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 7 4 straipsnis yra išdėstytas taip:

    `1. Niekas negali būti tos pačios valstybės institucijų vėl persekiojamas ar baudžiamas už nusikaltimą, dėl kurio jis jau buvo išteisintas arba nuteistas nuosprendžiu pagal tos valstybės įstatymus ir baudžiamąjį procesą.

    2. Ankstesnės šio straipsnio dalies nuostatos nedraudžia atnaujinti bylos proceso pagal tos valstybės įstatymus ir baudžiamąjį procesą tuo atveju, kai iškyla nauji ar naujai paaiškėję faktai ar nustatomos esminės ankstesnio proceso klaidos, galėjusios turėti reikšmės bylos baigčiai.

    3. Neleidžiama nukrypti nuo šio straipsnio remiantis Konvencijos 15 straipsniu.` Taisyklė `non bis in idem` taikoma Sąjungos teisėje (be daugelio kitų precedentų, žr. 1996 m. gegužės 5 d. sprendimą Gutmann prieš Komisiją, 18/65 ir 35/65, Rink. 1966, p. 150 ir vieną iš paskutiniųjų – Pirmosios instancijos teismo 1999 m. balandžio 20 d. sprendimą Limburgse Vinyl Maatschappij NV prieš Komisiją, jungtinės bylos T-305/94 ir kitos, Rink. 1999, p. II–931). Kumuliaciją draudžianti taisyklė nurodo dviejų tos pačios rūšies bausmių, tai yra baudžiamosios teisės bausmių kumuliaciją.

    Remiantis 50 straipsniu, taisyklė `non bis in idem` taikoma ne tik vienos valstybės jurisdikcijai, bet ir keleto valstybių narių jurisdikcijoms. Tai atitinka acquis Sąjungos teisėje; žr. Šengeno konvencijos 54–58 straipsnius ir Teisingumo Teismo 2003 m. vasario 11 d. sprendimą Gözütok, C-187/01 (Rink. 2003, p. I–1345), Konvencijos dėl Europos Bendrijų finansinių interesų apsaugos 7 straipsnį ir Konvencijos dėl kovos su korupcija 10 straipsnį. Labai ribotos išimtys šiose konvencijose, leidžiančios valstybėms narėms nukrypti nuo taisyklės `non bis in idem`, numatytos 52 straipsnio 1 dalies horizontaliojoje sąlygoje dėl apribojimų. Protokolo Nr. 7 4 straipsnyje nurodytų situacijų atveju, būtent taikant šį principą toje pačioje valstybėje narėje, garantuotos teisės esmė ir taikymo sritis yra ta pati kaip atitinkamos EŽTK nurodytos teisės.

    Source:
    Europos Sąjungos oficialusis leidinys C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Šie išaiškinimai buvo pirmą kartą parengti prižiūrint Europos Sąjungos pagrindinių teisių chartiją rengusio Konvento prezidiumui. Jie buvo atnaujinti Europos konvento prezidiumo atsakomybe, atsižvelgiant į Konvento įvestas Chartijos teksto projekto pataisas (ypač 51 ir 52 straipsnių) ir kitus Sąjungos teisės pakeitimus. Nors išaiškinimai neturi teisinės galios, jie yra svarbi Chartijos nuostatoms išaiškinti skirta aiškinimo priemonė.
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21 results found

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    URL:
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3 results found

  • Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law

    Preamble:
    (21) Given the possibility of multiple jurisdictions for cross-border criminal offences falling under the scope of this Directive, the Member States should ensure that the principle of ne bis in idem is respected in full in the application of national law transposing this Directive
    ...
    (28) The intended dissuasive effect of the application of criminal law sanctions requires particular caution with regard to fundamental rights. This Directive respects fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the ‘Charter’) and in particular the right to liberty and security, the protection of personal data, the freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work, the freedom to conduct a business, the right to property, the right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial, the presumption of innocence and the right of defence, the principles of the legality and proportionality of criminal offences and sanctions, as well as the principle of ne bis in idem. This Directive seeks to ensure full respect for those rights and principles and must be implemented accordingly.

  • Directive 2014/41/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

    Preamble:
    (17) The principle of ne bis in idem is a fundamental principle of law in the Union, as recognised by the Charter and developed by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Therefore the executing authority should be entitled to refuse the execution of an EIO if its execution would be contrary to that principle. Given the preliminary nature of the proceedings underlying an EIO, its execution should not be subject to refusal where it is aimed to establish whether a possible conflict with the ne bis in idem principle exists, or where the issuing authority has provided assurances that the evidence transferred as a result of the execution of the EIO would not be used to prosecute or impose a sanction on a person whose case has been finally disposed of in another Member State for the same facts.
    ...
    Article 11. Grounds for non-recognition or non-execution:
    1. Without prejudice to Article 1(4), recognition or execution of an EIO may be refused in the executing State where: ...
    (d) the execution of the EIO would be contrary to the principle of ne bis in idem

  • Directive 2014/57/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on criminal sanctions for market abuse (market abuse directive)

    Preamble:
    (23) The scope of this Directive is determined in such a way as to complement, and ensure the effective implementation of, Regulation (EU) No 596/2014. Whereas offences should be punishable under this Directive when committed intentionally and at least in serious cases, sanctions for breaches of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 do not require that intent is proven or that they are qualified as serious. In the application of national law transposing this Directive, Member States should ensure that the imposition of criminal sanctions for offences in accordance with this Directive and of administrative sanctions in accordance with the Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 does not lead to a breach of the principle of ne bis in idem.

0 results found