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2 straipsnis- Žmogaus teisė į gyvybę

1. Kiekvienas asmuo turi teisę į gyvybę.

2. Niekam negali būti paskirta ar įvykdyta mirties bausmė.

    Text:

    1. Šio straipsnio 1 dalis grindžiama EŽTK 2 straipsnio 1 dalies pirmu sakiniu, kuris yra išdėstytas taip:
    `1. Kiekvieno asmens teisę į gyvybę saugo įstatymas`
    2. Šios nuostatos antras sakinys, kuriame minima mirties bausmė, buvo pakeistas įsigaliojus EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 1 straipsniui, kuris yra išdėstytas taip:
    `Mirties bausmė panaikinama. Niekas negali būti nuteistas mirties bausme, ir ji niekam nevykdoma.`
    Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalis grindžiama šia nuostata.
    3. Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalies nuostatos atitinka pirmiau minėtų EŽTK ir jos protokolo straipsnių nuostatas. Remiantis Chartijos 52 straipsnio 3 dalimi, jų esmė ir taikymo sritis yra tokia pati. Todėl turi būti laikoma, kad EŽTK pateikti negatyvieji apibrėžimai taip pat yra Chartijos dalis:
    a) EŽTK 2 straipsnio 2 dalis:
    `Gyvybės atėmimas nėra laikomas šio straipsnio pažeidimu, jeigu tai padaroma nepanaudojant daugiau jėgos negu neišvengiamai būtina:
    a) ginant kiekvieną asmenį nuo neteisėto smurto;
    b) teisėtai suimant arba sutrukdant teisėtai sulaikytam asmeniui pabėgti;
    c) pagal įstatymą malšinant riaušes ar sukilimą.`
    b) EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 2 straipsnis:
    `Valstybė turi teisę savo įstatymuose nustatyti mirties bausmę už veiksmus karo metu arba atsiradus neišvengiamam pavojui kilti karui; tokia bausmė gali būti taikoma tik įstatymų nustatytais atvejais ir pagal jų nuostatas.`

    Source:
    Europos Sąjungos oficialusis leidinys C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Šie išaiškinimai buvo pirmą kartą parengti prižiūrint Europos Sąjungos pagrindinių teisių chartiją rengusio Konvento prezidiumui. Jie buvo atnaujinti Europos konvento prezidiumo atsakomybe, atsižvelgiant į Konvento įvestas Chartijos teksto projekto pataisas (ypač 51 ir 52 straipsnių) ir kitus Sąjungos teisės pakeitimus. Nors išaiškinimai neturi teisinės galios, jie yra svarbi Chartijos nuostatoms išaiškinti skirta aiškinimo priemonė.

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    Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’

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    URL:
    (Regulation establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders)

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