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2 straipsnis- Žmogaus teisė į gyvybę

1. Kiekvienas asmuo turi teisę į gyvybę.

2. Niekam negali būti paskirta ar įvykdyta mirties bausmė.

    Text:

    1. Šio straipsnio 1 dalis grindžiama EŽTK 2 straipsnio 1 dalies pirmu sakiniu, kuris yra išdėstytas taip:
    `1. Kiekvieno asmens teisę į gyvybę saugo įstatymas`
    2. Šios nuostatos antras sakinys, kuriame minima mirties bausmė, buvo pakeistas įsigaliojus EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 1 straipsniui, kuris yra išdėstytas taip:
    `Mirties bausmė panaikinama. Niekas negali būti nuteistas mirties bausme, ir ji niekam nevykdoma.`
    Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalis grindžiama šia nuostata.
    3. Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalies nuostatos atitinka pirmiau minėtų EŽTK ir jos protokolo straipsnių nuostatas. Remiantis Chartijos 52 straipsnio 3 dalimi, jų esmė ir taikymo sritis yra tokia pati. Todėl turi būti laikoma, kad EŽTK pateikti negatyvieji apibrėžimai taip pat yra Chartijos dalis:
    a) EŽTK 2 straipsnio 2 dalis:
    `Gyvybės atėmimas nėra laikomas šio straipsnio pažeidimu, jeigu tai padaroma nepanaudojant daugiau jėgos negu neišvengiamai būtina:
    a) ginant kiekvieną asmenį nuo neteisėto smurto;
    b) teisėtai suimant arba sutrukdant teisėtai sulaikytam asmeniui pabėgti;
    c) pagal įstatymą malšinant riaušes ar sukilimą.`
    b) EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 2 straipsnis:
    `Valstybė turi teisę savo įstatymuose nustatyti mirties bausmę už veiksmus karo metu arba atsiradus neišvengiamam pavojui kilti karui; tokia bausmė gali būti taikoma tik įstatymų nustatytais atvejais ir pagal jų nuostatas.`

    Source:
    Europos Sąjungos oficialusis leidinys C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Šie išaiškinimai buvo pirmą kartą parengti prižiūrint Europos Sąjungos pagrindinių teisių chartiją rengusio Konvento prezidiumui. Jie buvo atnaujinti Europos konvento prezidiumo atsakomybe, atsižvelgiant į Konvento įvestas Chartijos teksto projekto pataisas (ypač 51 ir 52 straipsnių) ir kitus Sąjungos teisės pakeitimus. Nors išaiškinimai neturi teisinės galios, jie yra svarbi Chartijos nuostatoms išaiškinti skirta aiškinimo priemonė.

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