2 straipsnis- Žmogaus teisė į gyvybę
1. Kiekvienas asmuo turi teisę į gyvybę.
2. Niekam negali būti paskirta ar įvykdyta mirties bausmė.
1. Šio straipsnio 1 dalis grindžiama EŽTK 2 straipsnio 1 dalies pirmu sakiniu, kuris yra išdėstytas taip: `1. Kiekvieno asmens teisę į gyvybę saugo įstatymas`2. Šios nuostatos antras sakinys, kuriame minima mirties bausmė, buvo pakeistas įsigaliojus EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 1 straipsniui, kuris yra išdėstytas taip: `Mirties bausmė panaikinama. Niekas negali būti nuteistas mirties bausme, ir ji niekam nevykdoma.` Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalis grindžiama šia nuostata. 3. Chartijos 2 straipsnio 2 dalies nuostatos atitinka pirmiau minėtų EŽTK ir jos protokolo straipsnių nuostatas. Remiantis Chartijos 52 straipsnio 3 dalimi, jų esmė ir taikymo sritis yra tokia pati. Todėl turi būti laikoma, kad EŽTK pateikti negatyvieji apibrėžimai taip pat yra Chartijos dalis: a) EŽTK 2 straipsnio 2 dalis: `Gyvybės atėmimas nėra laikomas šio straipsnio pažeidimu, jeigu tai padaroma nepanaudojant daugiau jėgos negu neišvengiamai būtina: a) ginant kiekvieną asmenį nuo neteisėto smurto; b) teisėtai suimant arba sutrukdant teisėtai sulaikytam asmeniui pabėgti; c) pagal įstatymą malšinant riaušes ar sukilimą.` b) EŽTK Protokolo Nr. 6 2 straipsnis: `Valstybė turi teisę savo įstatymuose nustatyti mirties bausmę už veiksmus karo metu arba atsiradus neišvengiamam pavojui kilti karui; tokia bausmė gali būti taikoma tik įstatymų nustatytais atvejais ir pagal jų nuostatas.`
Artikel 114 De doodstraf kan niet worden opgelegd.
Article 6 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worthy of protection even before birth. (2) Nobody may be deprived of her life. (3) The death penalty is prohibited. (4) Deprivation of life is not inflicted in contravention of this Article if it occurs in connection with conduct which is not criminal under the law.
Článek 6 (1) Každý má právo na život. Lidský život je hoden ochrany již před narozením. (2) Nikdo nesmí být zbaven života. (3) Trest smrti se nepřipouští. (4) Porušením práv podle tohoto článku není, jestliže byl někdo zbaven života v souvislosti s jednáním, které podle zákona není trestné.
ECHR provisions of article 2 and Protocols 6 and 13 have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.
See ECHR provisions of Article 2 which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998. Schdule 1, Article 2. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law.2. Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this Article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary: (a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.
Chapter 2 - Fundamental rights and freedoms: Article 4 There shall be no capital punishment.
2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 4 § Dödsstraff får icke förekomma.
Artículo 15 Todos tienen derecho a la vida y a la integridad física y moral, sin que, en ningún caso, puedan ser sometidos a tortura ni a penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes. Queda abolida la pena de muerte, salvo lo que puedan disponer las leyes penales militares para tiempos de guerra.
Article 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. Death penalty is hereby abolished, except as provided for by military criminal law in times of war.
Article 17 Human life is inviolable. There is no capital punishment in Slovenia.
17. člen Človekovo življenje je nedotakljivo. V Sloveniji ni smrtne kazni.
Article 15 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worth of protection even before birth.(2) No one shall be deprived of life. (3) Capital punishment is not permitted. (4) It is not violation of rights under this article, if someone is deprived of life as a result of an action that is not deemed criminal under the law.
Čl. 15(1) Každý má právo na život. Ľudský život je hodný ochrany už pred narodením. (2) Nikto nesmie byť pozbavený života. (3) Trest smrti sa nepripúšťa. (4) Podľa tohto článku nie je porušením práv, ak bol niekto pozbavený života v súvislosti s konaním, ktoré podľa zákona nie je trestné.
Articolul 22(1) Dreptul la viata, precum si dreptul la integritate fizica si psihica ale persoanei sunt garantate.(3) Pedeapsa cu moartea este interzisa.
Article 22(1) The right to life, as well as the right to physical and mental integrity of person are guaranteed. (3) The death penalty is prohibited.
Artigo 24.º (Direito à vida) 1. A vida humana é inviolável. 2. Em caso algum haverá pena de morte.
Article 24 (Right to life) (1) Human life is inviolable. (2) In no case shall there be the death penalty.
Article 38 The Republic of Poland shall ensure the legal protection of the life of every human being.
Art. 38 Rzeczpospolita Polska zapewnia każdemu człowiekowi prawną ochronę życia.
Article 331) No person shall intentionally be deprived of his life save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence under the law of Malta of which he has been convicted.(2) Without prejudice to any liability for a contravention of any other law with respect to the use of force in such cases as are hereinafter mentioned, a person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section if he dies as the result of the use of force to such extent as is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of the case -- (a) for the defence of any person from violence or for the defence of property; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny; or (d) in order to prevent the commission by that person of a criminal offence, or if he dies as the result of a lawful act of war.
(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.
Article 1 Subject matter
This Regulation lays down Union rules governing trade with third countries in goods that could be used for the purpose of capital punishment or for the purpose of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, and rules governing the supply of brokering services, technical assistance, training and advertising related to such goods.
‘(1) The Union is founded on the universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law, which are common to the Member States.’
‘(2) Acts of terrorism constitute one of the most serious violations of the universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity, and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms on which the Union is founded. They also represent one of the most serious attacks on democracy and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States and on which the Union is based. [...]’
Article 25 - Protection of victims of terrorism
‘Member States shall ensure that measures are available to protect victims of terrorism and their family members, in accordance with Directive 2012/29/EU. When determining whether and to what extent they should benefit from protection measures in the course of criminal proceedings, particular attention shall be paid to the risk of intimidation and retaliation and to the need to protect the dignity and physical integrity of victims of terrorism, including during questioning and when testifying.’
Article 1 – Abolition of the death penalty
The death penalty shall be abolished. No one shall be condemned to such penalty or executed.
The death penalty shall be abolished. No-one shall be condemned to such penalty or executed.
Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 44/128 of 15 December 1989
2. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes in accordance with the law in force at the time of the commission of the crime and not contrary to the provisions of the present Covenant and to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgement rendered by a competent court.
1. States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life. 2
. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.
The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize that:
1. The widest possible protection and assistance should be accorded to the family, which is the natural and fundamental group unit of society, particularly for its establishment and while it is responsible for the care and education of dependent children. Marriage must be entered into with the free consent of the intending spouses.
2. Special protection should be accorded to mothers during a reasonable period before and after childbirth. During such period working mothers should be accorded paid leave or leave with adequate social security benefits.
3. Special measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children and young persons without any discrimination for reasons of parentage or other conditions. Children and young persons should be protected from economic and social exploitation. Their employment in work harmful to their morals or health or dangerous to life or likely to hamper their normal development should be punishable by law. States should also set age limits below which the paid employment of child labour should be prohibited and punishable by law.
1. Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.
3. When deprivation of life constitutes the crime of genocide, it is understood that nothing in this article shall authorize any State Party to the present Covenant to derogate in any way from any obligation assumed under the provisions of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
4. Anyone sentenced to death shall have the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence. Amnesty, pardon or commutation of the sentence of death may be granted in all cases.
5. Sentence of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age and shall not be carried out on pregnant women.
6. Nothing in this article shall be invoked to delay or to prevent the abolition of capital punishment by any State Party to the present Covenant.
Resolution 2229 (2018) - International obligations of Council of Europe member States to protect life at sea
General comment No. 36 (2018) on article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, on the right to life
(adopted by the Committee at its 124th session (8 October to 2 November 2018).