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Artikel 2 - Ret til livet

  1. Ethvert menneske har ret til livet.
  2. Ingen må idømmes dødsstraf eller henrettes.

    Text:
    1. Stk. 1 i denne artikel bygger på artikel 2, stk. 1, første punktum, i den europæiske menneskerettighedskonvention (EMK), der har følgende ordlyd:
      »1. Ethvert menneskes ret til livet skal beskyttes ved lov ...«
    2. Konventionens artikel 2, stk. 1, andet punktum, der omhandler dødsstraf, er blevet erstattet af artikel 1 i protokol nr. 6 til EMK, der er affattet således:
      »Dødsstraffen skal afskaffes. Ingen må idømmes en sådan straf eller henrettes«.
      Charterets artikel 2, stk. 2, bygger på denne bestemmelse.
    3. Bestemmelserne i chartrets artikel 2, svarer til ovennævnte artikler i EMK og tillægsprotokollen. De har samme betydning og omfang i medfør af chartrets artikel 52, stk. 3. De »negative« definitioner, der findes i konventionen, skal således betragtes som ligeledes indeholdt i chartret:
      a) Artikel 2, stk. 2, i EMK:
      »Berøvelse af livet betragtes ikke som sket i modstrid med denne artikel, når den er en følge af magtanvendelse, der ikke går ud over det absolut nødvendige
      a) for at forsvare nogen mod ulovlig vold;
      b) for at iværksætte en lovlig anholdelse eller forhindre flugt fra lovlig frihedsberøvelse;
      c) for lovligt at undertrykke optøjer eller opstand.«

      b) Artikel 2 i protokol nr. 6 til EMK:
      »En stat kan i sin lovgivning foreskrive dødsstraf for handlinger, der er begået i krigstid eller under overhængende fare for krig; en sådan straf må kun anvendes i de tilfælde, der er fastsat i loven og i overensstemmelse med dens bestemmelser ...«.

    Source:
    Den Europæiske Unions Tidende C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Disse forklaringer blev oprindelig udarbejdet under præsidiet for den forsamling, der udarbejdede chartret om grundlæggende rettigheder. De er blevet ajourført under Det Europæiske Konvents præsidiums ansvar i lyset af de udkast til tilpasninger, som konventet har foretaget i charterteksten (især i artikel 51 og 52) og videreudviklingen af EU-retten. Selv om forklaringerne ikke i sig selv har retskraft, udgør de et værdifuldt fortolkningsinstrument beregnet til nærmere præcisering af chartrets bestemmelser.

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  • Directive (EU) 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA and amending Council Decision 2005/671/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on combating terrorism)

    Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’

  • Regulation (EU) No 656/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management...
    URL:
    (Regulation establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders)

    Preamble: ‘(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.’ ‘(12) This Regulation should be applied in full compliance with the principle of non-refoulement as defined in the Charter and as interpreted by the case-law of the Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. In accordance with that principle, no person should be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’ Article 4 Protection of fundamental rights and the principle of non-refoulement ‘(1) No person shall, in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement, be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’