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Airteagal 2 - Ceart chun beatha

1. Tá ag gach duine an ceart chun beatha.

2. Ní dhéanfar aon duine a dhaoradh chun pionós an bháis ná a chur chun báis.

    Text:

    1. Tá mír 1 den Airteagal seo bunaithe ar an gcéad abairt d'Airteagal 2(1) den CECD ar mar seo a leanas atá:
    `1. Cosnóidh an dlí ceart gach uile dhuine chun a bheo...`
    2. Cuireadh as ionad an dara habairt den fhoráil, ina ndearnadh tagairt do phionós an bháis, ar theacht i bhfeidhm d'Airteagal 1 de Phrótacal Uimh. 6 a ghabhann leis an CECD ar mar seo a leanas atá:
    `Déantar an bhreith bháis a dhíothú. Ní dhaorfar aon duine chun báis ná ní chuirfear aon duine chun báis.`
    Tá Airteagal 2(2) den Chairt bunaithe ar an bhforáil sin.
    3. Freagraíonn forálacha Airteagal 2 den Chairt do na hAirteagail thuasluaite den CECD agus dá Phrótacal. Is ionann brí agus raon feidhme dóibh, i gcomhréir le hAirteagal 52(3) den Chairt. Ní mór a mheas, dá bhrí sin, gur cuid den Chairt freisin iad na sainmhínithe `diúltacha` atá sa CECD:
    (a) Airteagal 2(2) den CECD:
    `Ní mheasfar gur sárú ar an Airteagal seo bás d'imirt ar dhuine trí fhorneart d'úsáid nach mó ná mar is dianghá:
    (a) chun aon duine a chosaint ar fhoréigean neamhdhleathach;
    (b) chun duine a ghabháil go dleathach nó duine faoi choinneáil dhleathach a chosc ar éalú;
    (c) chun gníomh dleathach a dhéanamh d'fhonn círéib nó éirí amach a chur faoi chois.`
    (b) Airteagal 2 de Phrótacal Uimh. 6 a ghabhann leis an CECD:
    `Féadfaidh Stát an bhreith bháis a fhoráil ina reachtaíocht i leith gníomhartha arna ndéanamh tráth cogaidh nó tráth garbhagairt cogaidh; ní chuirfear an bhreith sin i bhfeidhm ach amháin sna cásanna dá bhforáiltear sa reachtaíocht sin agus i gcomhréir leis na forálacha ann ...`.

    Source:
    Iris Oifigiúil an Aontais Eorpaigh C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Ullmhaíodh na mínithe seo i dtosach faoi údarás Praesidium an Choinbhinsiúin a dhréachtaigh an Chairt um Chearta Bunúsacha an Aontais Eorpaigh. Tugadh suas chun dáta iad faoi chúram Praesidium an Choinbhinsiúin Eorpaigh i bhfianaise na gcoigeartuithe dréachtaithe a rinne an Coinbhinsiún sin ar théacs na Cairte (go háirithe ar Airteagail 51 agus 52) agus i bhfianaise an fhoráis a tháinig ar dhlí an Aontais. Cé nach bhfuil stádas dlí acu iontu féin, is mór is fiú iad mar uirlis léirithe arb é is aidhm di forálacha na Cairte a shoiléiriú.

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  • Directive (EU) 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA and amending Council Decision 2005/671/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on combating terrorism)

    Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’

  • Regulation (EU) No 656/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management...
    URL:
    (Regulation establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders)

    Preamble: ‘(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.’ ‘(12) This Regulation should be applied in full compliance with the principle of non-refoulement as defined in the Charter and as interpreted by the case-law of the Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. In accordance with that principle, no person should be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’ Article 4 Protection of fundamental rights and the principle of non-refoulement ‘(1) No person shall, in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement, be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’