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Článok 2 - Právo na život

1. Každý má právo na život.

2. Nikto nesmie byť odsúdený na trest smrti ani popravený.

    Text:

    1. Odsek 1 tohto článku je založený na prvej vete článku 2 ods. 1 EDĽP, ktorý znie:
    `1. Právo každého na život je chránené zákonom...`
    2. Druhá veta tohto ustanovenia, ktorá sa týka trestu smrti, bola nahradená nadobudnutím platnosti článku 1 Protokolu 6 k EDĽP, ktorý znie:
    `Trest smrti sa zrušuje. Nikoho nemožno na taký trest odsúdiť ani popraviť.`
    Článok 2 ods. 2 charty je založený na tomto ustanovení.
    3. Ustanovenia článku 2 charty zodpovedajú ustanoveniam uvedených článkov EDĽP a jeho protokolov. Majú rovnaký význam a rozsah, v súlade s článkom 52 ods. 3 charty. `Negatívne` vymedzenia, ktoré sa vyskytujú v EDĽP, preto musia byť taktiež považované za súčasť charty:
    a) článok 2 ods. 2 EDĽP:
    `Zbavenie života sa nebude považovať za spôsobené v rozpore s týmto článkom, ak bude vyplývať z použitia sily, ktoré nie je viac než úplne nevyhnutné, pri:
    a) obrane každej osoby proti nezákonnému násiliu;
    b) vykonávaní zákonného zatknutia alebo zabránení úteku osoby zákonne zadržanej;
    c) zákonne uskutočnenej akcii na účely potlačenia nepokojov alebo vzbury.`;
    b) článok 2 Protokolu 6 k EDĽP:
    `Štát môže zákonom ustanoviť trest smrti za činy spáchané v čase vojny alebo bezprostrednej hrozby vojny; tento trest sa uloží iba v prípadoch, ktoré predvída zákon, a v súlade s jeho ustanoveniami...`.

    Source:
    Úradný vestník Európskej únie C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Ďalej uvedené vysvetlivky boli pôvodne pripravené pod vedením predsedníctva konventu, ktorý vypracoval návrh Charty základných práv Európskej únie. Boli aktualizované pod vedením predsedníctva Európskeho konventu so zreteľom na úpravy, ktoré urobil tento konvent k textu charty (najmä k článkom 51 a 52), a vývoj práva Únie. Hoci tieto vysvetlivky nie sú ako také právne záväzné, predstavujú cenný nástroj výkladu, ktorý je určený na objasnenie ustanovení charty.

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  • Directive (EU) 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA and amending Council Decision 2005/671/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on combating terrorism)

    Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’

  • Regulation (EU) No 656/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management...
    URL:
    (Regulation establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders)

    Preamble: ‘(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.’ ‘(12) This Regulation should be applied in full compliance with the principle of non-refoulement as defined in the Charter and as interpreted by the case-law of the Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. In accordance with that principle, no person should be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’ Article 4 Protection of fundamental rights and the principle of non-refoulement ‘(1) No person shall, in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement, be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’