eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Artikkel 2 - Õigus elule

Artikkel 2 - Õigus elule

1. Igaühel on õigus elule.

2. Kedagi ei tohi surma mõista ega hukata.

  • Text:

    1. Käesoleva artikli lõige 1 põhineb Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni artikli 2 lõikel 1, mille sisu on järgmine:
    `1. Igaühe õigust elule kaitstakse seadusega…`
    2. Käesoleva sätte teise lause, mis viitas surmanuhtlusele, asendas Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni protokolli nr 6 artikli 1 jõustumine, mille sisu on järgmine:
    `Surmanuhtlus tuleb kaotada. Kedagi ei tohi surma mõista ega hukata.`
    Harta artikli 2 lõige 2 põhineb sellel sättel.
    3. Harta artikli 2 sätted vastavad Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni eespool toodud artiklite ja selle protokolli sätetele. Kooskõlas artikli 52 lõikega 3 on neil sama tähendus ja ulatus. Seega tuleb Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsioonis esinevaid `negatiivseid` määratlusi käsitleda samuti harta osadena:
    a) Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni artikli 2 lõige 2:
    `Elu võtmist ei käsitata käesoleva artikli rikkumisena, kui see tuleneb absoluutsest vajadusest kasutada jõudu:
    a) inimese kaitsmisel õigusvastase vägivalla eest;
    b) seaduslikul vahistamisel või seaduslikult kinni peetud isiku põgenemise vältimiseks;
    c) seaduslikel toimingutel rahutuste või mässu mahasurumiseks.`
    b) Euroopa inimõiguste ja põhivabaduste kaitse konventsiooni protokolli nr 6 artikkel 2:
    `Riik võib surmanuhtluse seadustada sõja ajal või vahetu sõjaohu korral toimepandud tegude eest; surmanuhtluse võib mõista üksnes seaduses ettenähtud juhtudel ning kooskõlas selle seaduse sätetega…`.

    Source:
    Euroopa Liidu Teataja C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Käesolevad selgitused valmistati algselt ette Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste harta koostanud konvendi presiidiumi juhtimisel. Selgitusi ajakohastati Euroopa Konvendi presiidiumi vastutusel, pidades silmas nimetatud konvendi poolt harta tekstis (eelkõige artiklites 51 ja 52) tehtud kohandusi ning liidu õiguse arengut. Kuigi selgitustel endil pole õigusjõudu, on nad harta tõlgendamisel väärtuslikuks vahendiks, mille eesmärk on selgitada harta sätteid.
  • Lukáš Wagenknecht v European Commission
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Eight Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2022:226
  • Front populaire pour la libération de la saguia-el-hamra et du rio de oro (Front Polisario) v Council of the European Union
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    General Court (Eight Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    External relations
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:T:2015:953
  • Centre public d’action sociale d’Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve v Moussa Abdida
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General Bot
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Asylum and migration
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2014:2167
  • X., Y. and Z. v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Fourth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2013:720

57 results found

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  • Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances

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  • Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the abolition of the death penalty

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    ... 

    2. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes in accordance with the law in force at the time of the commission of the crime and not contrary to the provisions of the present Covenant and to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgement rendered by a competent court.

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    1. The widest possible protection and assistance should be accorded to the family, which is the natural and fundamental group unit of society, particularly for its establishment and while it is responsible for the care and education of dependent children. Marriage must be entered into with the free consent of the intending spouses.

    2. Special protection should be accorded to mothers during a reasonable period before and after childbirth. During such period working mothers should be accorded paid leave or leave with adequate social security benefits.

    3. Special measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children and young persons without any discrimination for reasons of parentage or other conditions. Children and young persons should be protected from economic and social exploitation. Their employment in work harmful to their morals or health or dangerous to life or likely to hamper their normal development should be punishable by law. States should also set age limits below which the paid employment of child labour should be prohibited and punishable by law.

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    Article 6

    1. Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.

    2. In countries which have not abolished the death penalty, sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes in accordance with the law in force at the time of the commission of the crime and not contrary to the provisions of the present Covenant and to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This penalty can only be carried out pursuant to a final judgement rendered by a competent court.

    3. When deprivation of life constitutes the crime of genocide, it is understood that nothing in this article shall authorize any State Party to the present Covenant to derogate in any way from any obligation assumed under the provisions of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

    4. Anyone sentenced to death shall have the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence. Amnesty, pardon or commutation of the sentence of death may be granted in all cases.

    5. Sentence of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age and shall not be carried out on pregnant women.

    6. Nothing in this article shall be invoked to delay or to prevent the abolition of capital punishment by any State Party to the present Covenant.

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    (adopted by the Committee at its 124th session (8 October to 2 November 2018).