eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 2 - Right to life

Article 2 - Right to life

1. Everyone has the right to life
2. No one shall be condemned to the death penalty, or executed.

  • Text:

    1. Paragraph 1 of this Article is based on the first sentence of Article 2(1) of the ECHR, which reads as follows:
    "1. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law?"

    2. The second sentence of the provision, which referred to the death penalty, was superseded by the entry into force of Article 1 of Protocol No 6 to the ECHR, which reads as follows:
    "The death penalty shall be abolished. No-one shall be condemned to such penalty or executed." Article 2(2) of the Charter is based on that provision.

    3. The provisions of Article 2 of the Charter correspond to those of the above Articles of the ECHR and its Protocol. They have the same meaning and the same scope, in accordance with Article 52(3) of the Charter. Therefore, the "negative" definitions appearing in the ECHR must be regarded as also forming part of the Charter:

    (a) Article 2(2) of the ECHR:

    "Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary: 
    (a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence;
    (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained;
    (c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection."

    (b) Article 2 of Protocol No 6 to the ECHR:

    "A State may make provision in its law for the death penalty in respect of acts committed in time of war or of imminent threat of war; such penalty shall be applied only in the instances laid down in the law and in accordance with its provisions ..."

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • Lopes de Sousa Fernandes v. Portugal
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    European Court of Human Rights
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Policy area:
    Public Health
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:CE:ECHR:2017:1219JUD005608013
  • Paposhvili v. Belgium
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    European Court of Human Rights
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:CE:ECHR:2016:1213JUD004173810

57 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 6 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worthy of protection even before birth. (2) Nobody may be deprived of her life. (3) The death penalty is prohibited. (4) Deprivation of life is not inflicted in contravention of this Article if it occurs in connection with conduct which is not criminal under the law.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 6 (1) Každý má právo na život. Lidský život je hoden ochrany již před narozením. (2) Nikdo nesmí být zbaven života. (3) Trest smrti se nepřipouští. (4) Porušením práv podle tohoto článku není, jestliže byl někdo zbaven života v souvislosti s jednáním, které podle zákona není trestné.

  • ECHR provisions of article 2 and Protocols 6 and 13
    URL:
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    ECHR provisions of article 2 and Protocols 6 and 13 have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.

  • Human Rights Act 1998
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    See ECHR provisions of Article 2 which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998. Schdule 1, Article 2. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law.2. Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this Article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary: (a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.

  • Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 2 - Fundamental rights and freedoms: Article 4 There shall be no capital punishment.

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 4 § Dödsstraff får icke förekomma.

  • Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 15 Todos tienen derecho a la vida y a la integridad física y moral, sin que, en ningún caso, puedan ser sometidos a tortura ni a penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes. Queda abolida la pena de muerte, salvo lo que puedan disponer las leyes penales militares para tiempos de guerra.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Article 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. Death penalty is hereby abolished, except as provided for by military criminal law in times of war.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 17 Human life is inviolable. There is no capital punishment in Slovenia.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    17. člen Človekovo življenje je nedotakljivo. V Sloveniji ni smrtne kazni.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 15 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worth of protection even before birth.(2) No one shall be deprived of life. (3) Capital punishment is not permitted. (4) It is not violation of rights under this article, if someone is deprived of life as a result of an action that is not deemed criminal under the law.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 15(1) Každý má právo na život. Ľudský život je hodný ochrany už pred narodením. (2) Nikto nesmie byť pozbavený života. (3) Trest smrti sa nepripúšťa. (4) Podľa tohto článku nie je porušením práv, ak bol niekto pozbavený života v súvislosti s konaním, ktoré podľa zákona nie je trestné.

  • Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

    Articolul 22(1) Dreptul la viata, precum si dreptul la integritate fizica si psihica ale persoanei sunt garantate.(3) Pedeapsa cu moartea este interzisa.

  • Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

     Article 22(1) The right to life, as well as the right to physical and mental integrity of person are guaranteed. (3) The death penalty is prohibited.

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 24.º (Direito à vida) 1. A vida humana é inviolável. 2. Em caso algum haverá pena de morte.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 24 (Right to life) (1) Human life is inviolable. (2) In no case shall there be the death penalty.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 38 The Republic of Poland shall ensure the legal protection of the life of every human being.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 38 Rzeczpospolita Polska zapewnia każdemu człowiekowi prawną ochronę życia.

  • Constitution of Malta
    Country:
    Malta

    Article 331) No person shall intentionally be deprived of his life save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence under the law of Malta of which he has been convicted.(2) Without prejudice to any liability for a contravention of any other law with respect to the use of force in such cases as are hereinafter mentioned, a person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section if he dies as the result of the use of force to such extent as is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of the case -- (a) for the defence of any person from violence or for the defence of property; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny; or (d) in order to prevent the commission by that person of a criminal offence, or if he dies as the result of a lawful act of war.

  • Constitution du Grand Duche de Luxembourg
    Country:
    Luxembourg

    Article 18. La peine de mort ne peut être établie.

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