Publications View all

Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the European Court of Human Rights
December
2018

Unmasking bias motives in crimes: selected cases of the European Court of Human Rights

Paper
This paper discusses the evolution of European Court of Human Rights case law relating to hate crime, providing an update on the most recent rulings. Approaching hate crime from a fundamental rights perspective, it shows how Member State authorities’ duty to effectively investigate the bias motivation of crimes flows from key human rights instruments, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.
Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU
December
2018

Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU

Report
This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering 12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.
Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide
December
2018

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide

Report
This guide explains what profiling is, the legal frameworks that regulate it, and why conducting profiling lawfully is both necessary to comply with fundamental rights and crucial for effective policing and border management. The guide also provides practical guidance on how to avoid unlawful profiling in police and border management operations.
From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities – perspectives from the ground - Summary
December
2018

From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities – perspectives from the ground - Summary

Summary
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) wanted to contribute to making steps to implement deinstitutionalisation more effective, by capturing concrete evidence of what is and what is not working on the ground. To do this, the agency conducted extensive fieldwork research in five EU Member States at different stages of the deinstitutionalisation process. This summary report presents the key findings of that fieldwork and the FRA opinions stemming from them.
From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities: perspectives from the ground
December
2018

From institutions to community living for persons with disabilities: perspectives from the ground

Report
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities commits both the EU and all of its Member States to realising the right of persons with disabilities to live independently in the community – which includes achieving deinstitutionalisation for those residing in institutional settings. But much remains to be done to make this a reality in practice. This report presents the main insights gained during fieldwork on the drivers of and barriers to deinstitutionalisation. Focusing on the local level, it gives voice to a diverse set of actors – most importantly, to people with disabilities themselves.
Being Black in the EU
November
2018

Being Black in the EU

Report
Almost twenty years after adoption of EU laws forbidding discrimination, people of African descent in the EU face widespread and entrenched prejudice and exclusion. This report outlines selected results from FRA's second large-scale EU-wide survey on migrants and minorities (EU-MIDIS II). It examines the experiences of almost 6,000 people of African descent in 12 EU Member States.
Civil society space: views of organisations
November
2018

Civil society space: views of organisations

Paper
Civil society organisations play a critical role in democracies, and the importance of their work is widely recognised in international legal and policy documents. However, they face many obstacles when it comes to their day-to-day work. Based on the results of an online consultation with FRA's civil society network, the Fundamental Rights Platform (FRP), in September 2018, this paper complements the January 2018 report.
Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU - November 2018 Highlights
November
2018

Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU - November 2018 Highlights

Paper
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since November 2015, in light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The countries covered are: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden.

Opinions View all

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights
30/09/2018

Challenges and opportunities for the implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights

With this Opinion, FRA aims to contribute to the European Parliament's own-initiative report on the “Implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in the EU institutional framework”, being prepared in the Parliament’s Committee for Constitutional Affairs (AFCO). The request aims at understanding the interaction between the Charter’s implementation at national and EU level, and whether there are “instruments, mechanisms and practices” available at EU level to assist Member States to better implement the Charter.
Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards
05/09/2018

Fundamental rights implications of storing biometric data in identity documents and residence cards

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications
30/08/2018

The revised Visa Information System and its fundamental rights implications

This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are currently discussing it.7 Throughout the text, this opinion refers to the proposed amendments using the wording “the proposal” or “the Commission proposal”.