- Report / Paper / Summary
- Publication date:
- 09 September 2020
Antisemitism: Overview of antisemitic incidents recorded in the European Union 2009-2019
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other forms of speech or text, including on the internet. Antisemitic incidents and hate crimes violate fundamental rights, especially the right to human dignity, the right to equality of treatment and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion.