Publication date: 20 March 2018

Handbook on European non-discrimination law – 2018 edition (2.72 MB)

It also contains references to other Council of Europe instruments, in particular the European Charter of Social Rights, as well as to relevant United Nations instruments. With the impressive body of case law by the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union in the non-discrimination field, it seems useful to present, in an accessible way, a handbook intended for legal practitioners – such as judges, prosecutors and lawyers, as well as law-enforcement officers – in the EU and Council of Europe Member States and beyond.


  1. Introduction to European non-discrimination law: context, evolution and key principles
  2. Discrimination categories
  3. Justification for less favourable treatment under European nondiscrimination law
  4. Selected areas of protection
  5. Protected grounds
  6. Procedural issues in non-discrimination law