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Article 3 - Right to integrity of the person

1. Everyone has the right to respect for his or her physical and mental integrity.
2. In the fields of medicine and biology, the following must be respected in particular:
(a) the free and informed consent of the person concerned, according to the procedures laid down by law;
(b) the prohibition of eugenic practices, in particular those aiming at the selection of persons;
(c) the prohibition on making the human body and its parts as such a source of financial gain;
(d) the prohibition of the reproductive cloning of human beings.

    Text:

    1. In its judgment of 9 October 2001 in Case C-377/98 Netherlands v European Parliament and Council [2001] ECR-I 7079, at grounds 70, 78 to 80, the Court of Justice confirmed that a fundamental right to human integrity is part of Union law and encompasses, in the context of medicine and biology, the free and informed consent of the donor and recipient.

    2. The principles of Article 3 of the Charter are already included in the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, adopted by the Council of Europe (ETS 164 and additional protocol ETS 168). The Charter does not set out to depart from those principles, and therefore prohibits only reproductive cloning. It neither authorises nor prohibits other forms of cloning. Thus it does not in any way prevent the legislature from prohibiting other forms of cloning.

    3. The reference to eugenic practices, in particular those aiming at the selection of persons, relates to possible situations in which selection programmes are organised and implemented, involving campaigns for sterilisation, forced pregnancy, compulsory ethnic marriage among others, all acts deemed to be international crimes in the Statute of the International Criminal Court adopted in Rome on 17 July 1998 (see its Article 7(1)(g)).

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.

47 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 10 (1) Everyone has the right to demand that her human dignity, personal honour, and good reputation be respected, and that her name be protected.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 10 (1) Každý má právo, aby byla zachována jeho lidská důstojnost, osobní čest, dobrá pověst a chráněno jeho jméno.

  • Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (as ammended by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008)
    URL:
    Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 (as ammended by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008)
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 3 Prohibitions in connection with embryos. (1) No person shall bring about the creation of an embryo except in pursuance of a licence. (1A) No person shall keep or use an embryo except— (a) in pursuance of a licence, or (b) in the case of— (i) the keeping, without storage, of an embryo intended for human application, or (ii) the processing, without storage, of such an embryo, in pursuance of a third party agreement. (1B) No person shall procure or distribute an embryo intended for human application except in pursuance of a licence or a third party agreement. (2) No person shall place in a woman— (a) an embryo other than a permitted embryo (as defined by section 3ZA), or (b) any gametes other than permitted eggs or permitted sperm (as so defined). (3) A licence cannot authorise— (a) keeping or using an embryo after the appearance of the primitive streak, (b) placing an embryo in any animal, or (c) keeping or using an embryo in any circumstances in which regulations prohibit its keeping or use (4) For the purposes of subsection (3)(a) above, the primitive streak is to be taken to have appeared in an embryo not later than the end of the period of 14 days beginning with the day on which the process of creating the embryo began, not counting any time during which the embryo is stored. Section 3ZA Permitted eggs, permitted sperm and permitted embryos (1) This section has effect for the interpretation of section 3(2). (2) A permitted egg is one— (a) which has been produced by or extracted from the ovaries of a woman, and (b) whose nuclear or mitochondrial DNA has not been altered. (3) Permitted sperm are sperm— (a) which have been produced by or extracted from the testes of a man, and (b) whose nuclear or mitochondrial DNA has not been altered. (4) An embryo is a permitted embryo if— (a) it has been created by the fertilisation of a permitted egg by permitted sperm, (b) no nuclear or mitochondrial DNA of any cell of the embryo has been altered, and (c) no cell has been added to it other than by division of the embryo's own cells. (5)Regulations may provide that— (a) an egg can be a permitted egg, or (b) an embryo can be a permitted embryo, even though the egg or embryo has had applied to it in prescribed circumstances a prescribed process designed to prevent the transmission of serious mitochondrial disease. (6)In this section— (a) “woman” and “man” include respectively a girl and a boy (from birth), and (b) “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations. 3A Prohibition in connection with germ cells. (1) No person shall, for the purpose of providing fertility services for any woman, use female germ cells taken or derived from an embryo or a foetus or use embryos created by using such cells. (2) In this section— “female germ cells” means cells of the female germ line and includes such cells at any stage of maturity and accordingly includes eggs; and “fertility services” means medical, surgical or obstetric services provided for the purpose of assisting women to carry children. 4 Prohibitions in connection with gametes. (1) No person shall— (a) store any gametes, or (b) in the course of providing treatment services for any woman, use— (i) any sperm, other than partner-donated sperm which has been neither processed nor stored, (ii) the woman's eggs after processing or storage, or (iii) the eggs of any other woman (c) except in pursuance of a licence. (1A) No person shall procure, test, process or distribute any gametes intended for human application except in pursuance of a licence or a third party agreement. (2) A licence cannot authorise storing or using gametes in any circumstances in which regulations prohibit their storage or use. (3) No person shall place sperm and eggs in a woman in any circumstances specified in regulations except in pursuance of a licence. (4)Regulations made by virtue of subsection (3) above may provide that, in relation to licences only to place sperm and eggs in a woman in such circumstances, sections 12 to 22 of this Act shall have effect with such modifications as may be specified in the regulations. (5) Activities regulated by this section or section 3 or 4A of this Act are referred to in this Act as “activities governed by this Act”. 4A Prohibitions in connection with genetic material not of human origin (1) No person shall place in a woman— (a) a human admixed embryo, (b) any other embryo that is not a human embryo, or (c) any gametes other than human gametes. (2) No person shall— (a) mix human gametes with animal gametes, (b) bring about the creation of a human admixed embryo, or (c) keep or use a human admixed embryo,except in pursuance of a licence. (3) A licence cannot authorise keeping or using a human admixed embryo after the earliest of the following— (a) the appearance of the primitive streak, or (b) the end of the period of 14 days beginning with the day on which the process of creating the human admixed embryo began, but not counting any time during which the human admixed embryo is stored. (4) A licence cannot authorise placing a human admixed embryo in an animal. (5) A licence cannot authorise keeping or using a human admixed embryo in any circumstances in which regulations prohibit its keeping or use. (6)For the purposes of this Act a human admixed embryo is— (a) an embryo created by replacing the nucleus of an animal egg or of an animal cell, or two animal pronuclei, with— (i) two human pronuclei, (ii) one nucleus of a human gamete or of any other human cell, or (iii) one human gamete or other human cell, (b) any other embryo created by using— (i) human gametes and animal gametes, or (ii) one human pronucleus and one animal pronucleus, (c) a human embryo that has been altered by the introduction of any sequence of nuclear or mitochondrial DNA of an animal into one or more cells of the embryo, (d) a human embryo that has been altered by the introduction of one or more animal cells, or (e) any embryo not falling within paragraphs (a) to (d) which contains both nuclear or mitochondrial DNA of a human and nuclear or mitochondrial DNA of an animal (“animal DNA”) but in which the animal DNA is not predominant. (7)In subsection (6)— (a) references to animal cells are to cells of an animal or of an animal embryo, and (b) references to human cells are to cells of a human or of a human embryo. (8) For the purposes of this section an “animal” is an animal other than man. (9) In this section “embryo” means a live embryo, including an egg that is in the process of fertilisation or is undergoing any other process capable of resulting in an embryo. (10) In this section— (a) references to eggs are to live eggs, including cells of the female germ line at any stage of maturity, but (except in subsection (9)) not including eggs that are in the process of fertilisation or are undergoing any other process capable of resulting in an embryo, and (b) references to gametes are to eggs (as so defined) or to live sperm, including cells of the male germ line at any stage of maturity. (11) If it appears to the Secretary of State necessary or desirable to do so in the light of developments in science or medicine, regulations may— (a) amend (but not repeal) paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (6); (b) provide that in this section “embryo”, “eggs” or “gametes” includes things specified in the regulations which would not otherwise fall within the definition. (12) Regulations made by virtue of subsection (11)(a) may make any amendment of subsection (7) that appears to the Secretary of State to be appropriate in consequence of any amendment of subsection (6).

  • Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001 
    URL:
    Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001 
    Country:
    United Kingdom

         

  • Instrument of Government
    URL:
    Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 2 - Fundamental Rights and Freedoms: Article 6 Everyone shall be protected in their relations with the public institutions against any physical violation also in cases other than cases under Articles 4 and 5. Everyone shall likewise be protected against body searches, house searches and other such invasions of privacy, against examination of mail or other confidential correspondence, and against eavesdropping and the recording of telephone conversations or other confidential communications. In addition to what is laid down in paragraph one, everyone shall be protected in their relations with the public institutions against significant invasions of their personal privacy, if these occur without their consent and involve the surveillance or systematic monitoring of the individual’s personal circumstances.

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    URL:
    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 6 § Var och en är gentemot det allmänna skyddad mot påtvingat kroppsligt ingrepp även i andra fall än som avses i 4 och 5 §§. Var och en är dessutom skyddad mot kroppsvisitation, husrannsakan och liknande intrång samt mot undersökning av brev eller annan förtrolig försändelse och mot hemlig avlyssning eller upptagning av telefonsamtal eller annat förtroligt meddelande. Utöver vad som föreskrivs i första stycket är var och en gentemot det allmänna skyddad mot betydande intrång i den personliga integriteten, om det sker utan samtycke och innebär övervakning eller kartläggning av den enskildes personliga förhållanden.

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

     Artículo 15 Todos tienen derecho a la vida y a la integridad física y moral, sin que, en ningún caso, puedan ser sometidos a tortura ni a penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes. Queda abolida la pena de muerte, salvo lo que puedan disponer las leyes penales militares para tiempos de guerra.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Article 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. Death penalty is hereby abolished, except as provided for by military criminal law in times of war.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 18 No one may be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. The conducting of medical or other scientific experiments on any person without his free consent is prohibited. Article 35 The inviolability of the physical and mental integrity of every person, his privacy and personality rights shall be guaranteed.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

     18. člen Nihče ne sme biti podvržen mučenju, nečloveškemu ali ponižujočem kaznovanju ali ravnanju. Na človeku je prepovedano delati medicinske ali druge znanstvene poskuse brez njegove svobodne privolitve. 35. člen Zagotovljena je nedotakljivost človekove telesne in duševne celovitosti, njegove zasebnosti ter osebnostnih pravic.  

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 16( 1) The right of every individual to integrity and privacy shall be guaranteed. This right may be restricted only in cases specifically provided by a law. 

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 16 (1) Nedotknuteľnosť osoby a jej súkromia je zaručená. Obmedzená môže byť len v prípadoch ustanovených zákonom.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

    Articolul 22(1) Dreptul la viata, precum si dreptul la integritate fizica si psihica ale persoanei sunt garantate. (...)

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 22(1) The right to life, as well as the right to physical and mental integrity of person are guaranteed. (...)

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 25.º (Direito à integridade pessoal) 1. A integridade moral e física das pessoas é inviolável. 2. Ninguém pode ser submetido a tortura, nem a tratos ou penas cruéis, degradantes ou desumanos. Artigo 26.º (Outros direitos pessoais) 3. A lei garantirá a dignidade pessoal e a identidade genética do ser humano, nomeadamente na criação, desenvolvimento e utilização das tecnologias e na experimentação científica.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 25 (Right to personal integrity) (1) Every person’s moral and physical integrity is inviolable. (2) No one may be subjected to torture or to cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment or punishment. Article 26 (Other personal rights) (3) The law shall guarantee the personal dignity and genetic identity of the human person, particularly in the creation, development and use of technologies and in scientific experimentation.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 39 No one shall be subjected to scientific experimentation, including medical experimentation, without his voluntary consent. Article 41.1 Personal inviolability and security shall be ensured to everyone. Any deprivation or limitation of liberty may be imposed only in accordance with principles and under procedures specified by statute. (...)

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 39 Nikt nie może być poddany eksperymentom naukowym, w tym medycznym, bez dobrowolnie wyrażonej zgody.Art. 41.1 Każdemu zapewnia się nietykalność osobistą i wolność osobistą. Pozbawienie lub ograniczenie wolności może nastąpić tylko na zasadach i w trybie określonych w ustawie. (...)

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 21. (…) No one may be subjected to scientific or medical experimentation without his knowledge and free consent.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    URL:
    Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Country:
    Lithuania

    21 straipsnis. (...) Su žmogumi, be jo žinios ir laisvo sutikimo, negali būti atliekami moksliniai ar medicinos bandymai.

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