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Article 14 - Right to education

1. Everyone has the right to education and to have access to vocational and continuing training.
2. This right includes the possibility to receive free compulsory education.
3. The freedom to found educational establishments with due respect for democratic principles and the right of parents to ensure the education and teaching of their children in conformity with their religious, philosophical and pedagogical convictions shall be respected, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of such freedom and right.

    Text:

    1. This Article is based on the common constitutional traditions of Member States and on Article 2 of the Protocol to the ECHR, which reads as follows:

    "No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and to teaching, the State shall respect the right of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions."

    It was considered useful to extend this right to vocational and continuing training (see point 15 of the Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers and Article 10 of the Social Charter) and to add the principle of free compulsory education. As it is worded, the latter principle merely implies that as regards compulsory education, each child has the possibility of attending an establishment which offers free education. It does not require all establishments which provide education, in particular private ones, to be free of charge. Nor does it exclude certain specific forms of education having to be paid for, if the State takes measures to grant financial compensation. Insofar as the Charter applies to the Union, this means that in its training policies the Union must respect free compulsory education, but this does not, of course, create new powers. Regarding the right of parents, it must be interpreted in conjunction with the provisions of Article 24.

    2. Freedom to found public or private educational establishments is guaranteed as one of the aspects of freedom to conduct a business but it is limited by respect for democratic principles and is exercised in accordance with the arrangements defined by national legislation.

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.

59 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 16 (3) The conditions under which religious instruction may be given at state schools shall be set by law. Article 26 (1) Everybody has the right to the free choice of her profession and the training for that profession, as well as the right to engage in enterprise and pursue other economic activity. Article 33 (1) Everyone has the right to education. School attendance shall be obligatory for the period specified by law. (2) Citizens have the right to free elementary and secondary school education, and, depending on particular citizens’ ability and the capability of society, also to university-level education. (3) Private schools may be established and instruction provided there only under conditions set by law; education may be provided at such schools for tuition. (4) The conditions under which citizens have the right to assistance from the state during their studies shall be set by law.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 16 (...) (3) Zákon stanoví podmínky vyučování náboženství na státních školách. Článek 26 (1) Každý má právo na svobodnou volbu povolání a přípravu k němu, jakož i právo podnikat a provozovat jinou hospodářskou činnost. (...) Článek 33 (1) Každý má právo na vzdělání. Školní docházka je povinná po dobu, kterou stanoví zákon. (2) Občané mají právo na bezplatné vzdělání v základních a středních školách, podle schopností občana a možností společnosti též na vysokých školách. (3) Zřizovat jiné školy než státní a vyučovat na nich lze jen za podmínek stanovených zákonem; na takových školách se může vzdělání poskytovat za úplatu. (4) Zákon stanoví, za jakých podmínek mají občané při studiu právo na pomoc státu.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Human Rights Act 1998
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    See ECHR provisions of Article 2 of the First Protocol which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998. Schedule 1, Part II, The First Protocol Article 2 Right to education No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and to teaching, the State shall respect the right of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions.

  • Education Act 1996
    URL:
    Education Act 1996
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 7 Duty of parents to secure education of children of compulsory school age. The parent of every child of compulsory school age shall cause him to receive efficient full-time education suitable— (a) to his age, ability and aptitude, and (b) to any special educational needs he may have, either by regular attendance at school or otherwise.

  • Education and Skills Act 2008
    URL:
    Education and Skills Act 2008
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 1 Persons to whom Part 1 applies This Part applies to any person who is resident in England and who— (a) has ceased to be of compulsory school age, (b) has not reached the age of 18, and (c) has not attained a level 3 qualification (see section 3). Section 2 Duty to participate in education or training (1) A person to whom this Part applies must— (a) be participating in appropriate full-time education or training (see section 4), (b) be participating in training in accordance with a contract of apprenticeship[F1or an apprenticeship agreement], or (c) both— (i) be in full-time occupation (see section 5), and (ii) participate in sufficient relevant training or education in each relevant period (see sections 6 to 8). (2)For the purposes of this Part, a person who is in full-time occupation is to be taken to be participating in sufficient relevant training or education at any particular time if— (a) arrangements have been made (whether by means of enrolment on a course or courses, or otherwise) for the person to receive sufficient relevant training or education during the current relevant period, and (b) where the arrangements call for the person to be participating in training or education at the time, the person is so participating.

  • Instrument of Government
    URL:
    Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 1 - Basic Principles of the form of government: Article 2 The personal, economic and cultural welfare of the individual shall be fundamental aims of public activity. In particular, the public institutions shall secure the right to employment, housing and education, and shall promote social care and social security, as well as favourable conditions for good health. (...) Chapter 2 - Fundamental Rights and Freedoms: Article 18 All children covered by compulsory schooling shall be entitled to a free basic education in the public education system. The public institutions shall be responsible also for the provision of higher education. The freedom of research is protected according to rules laid down in law.

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    URL:
    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    1 kapitlet - Statsskickets grunder: 2 § Den enskildes personliga, ekonomiska och kulturella välfärd ska vara grundläggande mål för den offentliga verksamheten. Särskilt ska det allmänna trygga rätten till arbete, bostad och utbildning samt verka för social omsorg och trygghet och för goda förutsättningar för hälsa (...); 2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 18 § Alla barn som omfattas av den allmänna skolplikten har rätt till kostnadsfri grundläggande utbildning i allmän skola. Det allmänna ska svara också för att högre utbildning finns. Forskningens frihet är skyddad enligt bestämmelser som meddelas i lag.

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 27 1. Todos tienen el derecho a la educación. Se reconoce la libertad de enseñanza. 2. La educación tendrá por objeto el pleno desarrollo de la personalidad humana en el respeto a los principios democráticos de convivencia y a los derechos y libertades fundamentales. 3. Los poderes públicos garantizan el derecho que asiste a los padres para que sus hijos reciban la formación religiosa y moral que esté de acuerdo con sus propias convicciones. 4. La enseñanza básica es obligatoria y gratuita. 5. Los poderes públicos garantizan el derecho de todos a la educación, mediante una programación general de la enseñanza, con participación efectiva de todos los sectores afectados y la creación de centros docentes. 6. Se reconoce a las personas físicas y jurídicas la libertad de creación de centros docentes, dentro del respeto a los principios constitucionales. 7. Los profesores, los padres y, en su caso, los alumnos intervendrán en el control y gestión de todos los centros sostenidos por la Administración con fondos públicos, en los términos que la ley establezca. 8. Los poderes públicos inspeccionarán y homologarán el sistema educativo para garantizar el cumplimiento de las leyes. 9. Los poderes públicos ayudarán a los centros docentes que reúnan los requisitos que la ley establezca. 10. Se reconoce la autonomía de las Universidades, en los términos que la ley establezca.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Section 27 (1) Everyone has the right to education. Freedom of teaching is recognized. (2) Education shall aim at the full development of human personality with due respect for the democratic principles of coexistence and for basic rights and freedoms. (3) The public authorities guarantee the right of parents to ensure that their children receive religious and moral instruction in accordance with their own convictions. (4) Elementary education is compulsory and free. (5) The public authorities guarantee the right of all to education, through general education programming, with the effective participation of all sectors concerned and the setting-up of educational centres. (6) The right of individuals and legal entities to set up educational centres is recognized, provided they respect constitutional principles. (7) Teachers, parents and, when appropriate, pupils shall participate in the control and management of all centres supported by the Administration out of public funds, under the terms established by the law. (8) The public authorities shall inspect and standardize the educational system in order to ensure compliance with the laws. (9) The public authorities shall help the educational centres which meet the requirements established by the law. (10) The autonomy of Universities is recognized, under the terms established by the law.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 54 Parents have the right and duty to maintain, educate and raise their children. This right and duty may be revoked or restricted only for such reasons as are provided by law in order to protect the child's interests. Children born out of wedlock have the same rights as children born within it. Article 57 Freedom of education shall be guaranteed. Primary education is compulsory and shall be financed from public funds. The state shall create the opportunities for citizens to obtain a proper education. Article 58 State universities and state institutions of higher education shall be autonomous. The manner of their financing shall be regulated by law.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    54. člen Starši imajo pravico in dolžnost vzdrževati, izobraževati in vzgajati svoje otroke. Ta pravica in dolžnost se staršem lahko odvzame ali omeji samo iz razlogov, ki jih zaradi varovanja otrokovih koristi določa zakon. Otroci, rojeni zunaj zakonske zveze, imajo enake pravice kakor otroci, rojeni v njej. 57. člen Izobraževanje je svobodno. Osnovnošolsko izobraževanje je obvezno in se financira iz javnih sredstev. Država ustvarja možnosti, da si državljani lahko pridobijo ustrezno izobrazbo. 58. člen Državne univerze in državne visoke šole so avtonomne. Način njihovega financiranja ureja zakon.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 42(1) Everyone has the right to education. School attendance is compulsory. Its period and age limit shall be laid down by law. (2) Citizens have the right to free education at primary and secondary schools and, depending on their abilities and society's resources, also at higher educational establishments. (3) Schools other than state schools may be established, and teaching in them provided, only under conditions laid down by law; such schools may collect tuition fees. (4) A law shall lay down conditions under which citizens are entitled to assistance from the state in their studies.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 42 (1) Každý má právo na vzdelanie. Školská dochádzka je povinná. Jej dĺžku po vekovú hranicu ustanoví zákon. (2) Občania majú právo na bezplatné vzdelanie v základných školách a stredných školách, podľa schopností občana a možnosti spoločnosti aj na vysokých školách. (3) Zriaďovať iné školy ako štátne a vyučovať v nich možno len za podmienok ustanovených zákonom; v takýchto školách sa môže vzdelávanie poskytovať za úhradu.( 4) Zákon ustanoví, za akých podmienok majú občania pri štúdiu právo na pomoc štátu.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

    Articolul 32(1) Dreptul la învatatura este asigurat prin învatamântul general obligatoriu, prin învatamântul liceal si prin cel profesional, prin învatamântul superior, precum si prin alte forme de instructie si de perfectionare. (2) Învatamântul de toate gradele se desfasoara în limba româna. În conditiile legii, învatamântul se poate desfasura si într-o limba de circulatie internationala. (3) Dreptul persoanelor apartinând minoritatilor nationale de a învata limba lor materna si dreptul de a putea fi instruite în aceasta limba sunt garantate; modalitatile de exercitare a acestor drepturi se stabilesc prin lege. (4) Învatamântul de stat este gratuit, potrivit legii. Statul acorda burse sociale de studii copiilor si tinerilor proveniti din familii defavorizate si celor institutionalizati, în conditiile legii. (5) Învatamântul de toate gradele se desfasoara în unitati de stat, particulare si confesionale, în conditiile legii. (6) Autonomia universitara este garantata. (7) Statul asigura libertatea învatamântului religios, potrivit cerintelor specifice fiecarui cult. În scolile de stat, învatamântul religios este organizat si garantat prin lege.

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 32(1) The right to education is provided by the compulsory general education, by education in high schools and vocational schools, by higher education, as well as other forms of instruction and postgraduate improvement. (2) Education at all levels shall be carried out in Romanian. Education may also be carried out in a foreign language of international use, under the terms laid down by law. (3) The right of persons belonging to national minorities to learn their mother tongue, and their right to be educated in this language are guaranteed; the ways to exercise these rights shall be regulated by law. (4) State education shall be free, according to the law. The State shall grant social scholarships to children or young people coming from disadvantaged families and to those institutionalized, as stipulated by the law. (5) Education at all levels shall take place in state, private, or confessional institutions, according to the law. (6) The autonomy of the Universities is guaranteed. (7) The State shall ensure the freedom of religious education, in accordance with the specific requirements of each religious cult. In public schools, religious education is organized and guaranteed by law.

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 43.º (Liberdade de aprender e ensinar) 1. É garantida a liberdade de aprender e ensinar. 2. O Estado não pode programar a educação e a cultura segundo quaisquer directrizes filosóficas, estéticas, políticas, ideológicas ou religiosas. 3. O ensino público não será confessional. 4. É garantido o direito de criação de escolas particulares e cooperativas. Artigo 73.º (Educação, cultura e ciência) 1. Todos têm direito à educação e à cultura. 2. O Estado promove a democratização da educação e as demais condições para que a educação, realizada através da escola e de outros meios formativos, contribua para a igualdade de oportunidades, a superação das desigualdades económicas, sociais e culturais, o desenvolvimento da personalidade e do espírito de tolerância, de compreensão mútua, de solidariedade e de responsabilidade, para o progresso social e para a participação democrática na vida colectiva. 3. O Estado promove a democratização da cultura, incentivando e assegurando o acesso de todos os cidadãos à fruição e criação cultural, em colaboração com os órgãos de comunicação social, as associações e fundações de fins culturais, as colectividades de cultura e recreio, as associações de defesa do património cultural, as organizações de moradores e outros agentes culturais. 4. A criação e a investigação científicas, bem como a inovação tecnológica, são incentivadas e apoiadas pelo Estado, por forma a assegurar a respectiva liberdade e autonomia, o reforço da competitividade e a articulação entre as instituições científicas e as empresas. Artigo 74.º (Ensino) 1. Todos têm direito ao ensino com garantia do direito à igualdade de oportunidades de acesso e êxito escolar. 2. Na realização da política de ensino incumbe ao Estado: a) Assegurar o ensino básico universal, obrigatório e gratuito; b) Criar um sistema público e desenvolver o sistema geral de educação pré-escolar; c) Garantir a educação permanente e eliminar o analfabetismo; d) Garantir a todos os cidadãos, segundo as suas capacidades, o acesso aos graus mais elevados do ensino, da investigação científica e da criação artística; e) Estabelecer progressivamente a gratuitidade de todos os graus de ensino; f) Inserir as escolas nas comunidades que servem e estabelecer a interligação do ensino e das actividades económicas, sociais e culturais; g) Promover e apoiar o acesso dos cidadãos portadores de deficiência ao ensino e apoiar o ensino especial, quando necessário; h) Proteger e valorizar a língua gestual portuguesa, enquanto expressão cultural e instrumento de acesso à educação e da igualdade de oportunidades; i) Assegurar aos filhos dos emigrantes o ensino da língua portuguesa e o acesso à cultura portuguesa; j) Assegurar aos filhos dos imigrantes apoio adequado para efectivação do direito ao ensino. Artigo 75.º (Ensino público, particular e cooperativo) 1. O Estado criará uma rede de estabelecimentos públicos de ensino que cubra as necessidades de toda a população. 2. O Estado reconhece e fiscaliza o ensino particular e cooperativo, nos termos da lei. Artigo 76.º (Universidade e acesso ao ensino superior) 1. O regime de acesso à Universidade e às demai instituições do ensino superior garante a igualdade de oportunidades e a democratização do sistema de ensino, devendo ter em conta as necessidades em quadros qualificados e a elevação do nível educativo, cultural e científico do país. 2. As universidades gozam, nos termos da lei, de autonomia estatutária, científica, pedagógica, administrativa e financeira, sem prejuízo de adequada avaliação da qualidade do ensino. Artigo 77.º (Participação democrática no ensino) 1. Os professores e alunos têm o direito de participar na gestão democrática das escolas, nos termos da lei. 2. A lei regula as formas de participação das associações de professores, de alunos, de pais, das comunidades e das instituições de carácter científico na definição da política de ensino.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 43 (Freedom to learn and to teach) (1) The freedom to learn and to teach is guaranteed. (2) The state may not programme education and culture in accordance with any philosophical, aesthetic, political, ideological or religious directives. (3) Public education shall not be linked to a religious belief. (4) The right to create private and cooperative schools is guaranteed. Article 73 (Education, culture and science) (1) Everyone has the right to education and culture. (2) The state shall promote the democratisation of education and the other conditions needed for an education conducted at school and via other means of training to contribute to equal opportunities, the overcoming of economic, social and cultural inequalities, the development of the personality and the spirit of tolerance, mutual understanding, solidarity and responsibility, to social progress and to democratic participation in collective life. (3) In cooperation with the media, cultural associations and foundations, cultural and recreational groups, cultural heritage associations, residents’ organisations and other cultural agents, the state shall promote the democratisation of culture by encouraging and ensuring access by all citizens to cultural enjoyment and creation. (4) The state shall encourage and support scientific research and creation and technological innovation, in such a way as to ensure their freedom and autonomy, strengthen competitivity and ensure articulation between scientific institutions and enterprises. Article 74 (Education) (1) Everyone has the right to education, with the guarantee of the right to equal opportunities in access to and success in schooling. (2) In implementing the education policy, the state is charged with: (a) Ensuring universal, compulsory and free basic education; (b) Creating a public, and developing the general, preschool education system; (c) Guaranteeing permanent education and eliminating illiteracy; (d) In accordance with his capabilities, guaranteeing every citizen access to the highest levels of education, scientific research and artistic creation; (e) Progressively making all levels of education free of charge; (f) Inserting schools into the communities they serve and establishing links between education and economic, social and cultural activities; (g) Promoting and supporting disabled citizens’ access to education and supporting special education when necessary; (h) Protecting and developing Portuguese sign language, as an expression of culture and an instrument for access to education and equal opportunities; (i) Ensuring that emigrants’ children are taught the Portuguese language and enjoy access to Portuguese culture; (j) Ensuring that immigrants’ children receive adequate support in order to enable them to effectively enjoy the right to education. Article 75 (Public, private and cooperative education) (1) The state shall create a network of public education establishments that covers the needs of the whole population. (2) The state shall recognise and inspect private and cooperative education, as laid down by law. Article 76 (University and access to higher education) (1) The regime governing access to university and the other higher education institutions shall guarantee equal opportunities in and the democratisation of the education system, and must have due regard to the country’s needs for qualified staff and to raising its educational, cultural and scientific level. (2) As laid down by law and without prejudice to an adequate assessment of the quality of education, universities shall enjoy autonomy in drawing up their own by-laws and in scientific, pedagogical, administrative and financial matters. Article 77 (Democratic participation in education) (1) Teachers and students have the right to take part in the democratic management of schools, as laid down by law. (2) The law shall regulate the forms in which associations of teachers, students and parents, communities and institutions of a scientific nature participate in the definition of the education policy.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 70.1. Everyone shall have the right to education. Education to 18 years of age shall be compulsory. The manner of fulfilment of schooling obligations shall be specified by statute. 2. Education in public schools shall be without payment. Statutes may allow for payments for certain services provided by public institutions of higher education. 3. Parents shall have the right to choose schools other than public for their children. Citizens and institutions shall have the right to establish primary and secondary schools and institutions of higher education and educational development institutions. The conditions for establishing and operating non-public schools, the participation of public authorities in their financing, as well as the principles of educational supervision of such schools and educational development institutions, shall be specified by statute. 4. Public authorities shall ensure universal and equal access to education for citizens. To this end, they shall establish and support systems for individual financial and organizational assistance to pupils and students. The conditions for providing of such assistance shall be specified by statute. 5. The autonomy of the institutions of higher education shall be ensured in accordance with principles specified by statute.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 70.1. Każdy ma prawo do nauki. Nauka do 18 roku życia jest obowiązkowa. Sposób wykonywania obowiązku szkolnego określa ustawa. 2. Nauka w szkołach publicznych jest bezpłatna. Ustawa może dopuścić świadczenie niektórych usług edukacyjnych przez publiczne szkoły wyższe za odpłatnością. 3. Rodzice mają wolność wyboru dla swoich dzieci szkół innych niż publiczne. Obywatele i instytucje mają prawo zakładania szkół podstawowych, ponadpodstawowych i wyższych oraz zakładów wychowawczych. Warunki zakładania i działalności szkół niepublicznych oraz udziału władz publicznych w ich finansowaniu, a także zasady nadzoru pedagogicznego nad szkołami i zakładami wychowawczymi, określa ustawa. 4. Władze publiczne zapewniają obywatelom powszechny i równy dostęp do wykształcenia. W tym celu tworzą i wspierają systemy indywidualnej pomocy finansowej i organizacyjnej dla uczniów i studentów. Warunki udzielania pomocy określa ustawa. 5. Zapewnia się autonomię szkół wyższych na zasadach określonych w ustawie.

  • Constitution of Malta
    URL:
    Constitution of Malta
    Country:
    Malta

    Article 11(1) Capable and deserving students, even if without financial resources, are entitled to attain the highest grades of education.(2) The State shall give effect to this principle by means of scholarships, of contributions to the families of students and other provisions on the basis of competitive examinations.Article 12(1) The State shall protect work.(2) It shall provide for the professional or vocational training and advancement of workers.Article 17 (...) (3) Disabled persons and persons incapable of work are entitled to education and vocational training.

0 results found