Highlights

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
05 December 2018 Last versions available are EL and NL 11 March 2021

Preventing unlawful profiling today and in the future: a guide

This guide explains what profiling is, the legal frameworks that regulate it, and why conducting profiling lawfully is both necessary to comply with fundamental rights and crucial for effective policing and border management. The guide also provides practical guidance on how to avoid unlawful profiling in police and border management operations.

Data quality and artificial intelligence – mitigating bias and error to protect fundamental rights
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
11 June 2019

Data quality and artificial intelligence – mitigating bias and error to protect fundamental rights

Algorithms used in machine learning systems and artificial intelligence (AI) can only be as good as the data used for their development. High quality data are essential for high quality algorithms. Yet, the call for high quality data in discussions around AI often remains without any further specifications and guidance as to what this actually means.

Towards More Effective Policing, Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling: A guide
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
10 July 2012

Towards More Effective Policing, Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling: A guide

When a decision to stop an individual is motivated solely or mainly by virtue of a person's race, ethnicity or religion, this constitutes discriminatory ethnic profiling. Such practices can serve to alienate certain communities in the EU, and in turn can contribute to inefficient policing. The FRA guide aims to help the police address and avoid discriminatory ethnic profiling, and is designed to be used as a tool for more effective policing.

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