Title V Citizens' rights

  • Article 39 - Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament

      1. Every citizen of the Union has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament in the Member State in which he or she resides, under the same conditions as nationals of that State.
      2. Members of the European Parliament shall be elected by direct universal suffrage in a free and secret ballot.

  • Article 40 - Right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections

      Every citizen of the Union has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections in the Member State in which he or she resides under the same conditions as nationals of that State.

  • Article 41 - Right to good administration

      1. Every person has the right to have his or her affairs handled impartially, fairly and within a reasonable time by the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union.
      2. This right includes:
      (a) the right of every person to be heard, before any individual measure which would affect him or her adversely is taken;
      (b) the right of every person to have access to his or her file, while respecting the legitimate interests of confidentiality and of professional and business secrecy;
      (c) the obligation of the administration to give reasons for its decisions.
      3. Every person has the right to have the Union make good any damage caused by its institutions or by its servants in the performance of their duties, in accordance with the general principles common to the laws of the Member States.4. Every person may write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and must have an answer in the same language.

  • Article 42 - Right of access to documents

      Any citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State, has a right of access to documents of the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union, whatever their medium.

  • Article 43 - European Ombudsman

      Any citizen of the Union and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State has the right to refer to the European Ombudsman cases of maladministration in the activities of the institutions, bodies, offices or agencies of the Union, with the exception of the Court of Justice of the European Union acting in its judicial role.

  • Article 44 - Right to petition

      Any citizen of the Union and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State has the right to petition the European Parliament.

  • Article 45 - Freedom of movement and of residence

      1. Every citizen of the Union has the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.
      2. Freedom of movement and residence may be granted, in accordance with the Treaties, to nationals of third countries legally resident in the territory of a Member State.

  • Article 46 - Diplomatic and consular protection

      Every citizen of the Union shall, in the territory of a third country in which the Member State of which he or she is a national is not represented, be entitled to protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of any Member State, on the same conditions as the nationals of that Member State.

Title V Citizens' rights