1. Kull persuna għandha d-dritt għall-ħajja.
2. Ħadd m'għandu jiġi kkundannat għall-piena tal-mewt, jew titneħħielu ħajtu.
1. Il-paragrafu 1 ta' dan l-Artikolu hu bbażat fuq l-ewwel sentenza ta' l-Artikolu 2(1) tal-Konvenzjoni Ewropea dwar id-drittijiet tal-Bniedem (KEDB), li jgħid hekk:
`1. Id-dritt għall-ħajja ta' kulħadd għandu jiġi protett b'liġi...`.
2. It-tieni sentenza ta' din id-dispożizzjoni, li tirreferi għall-piena tal-mewt, ġiet issuperata bid-dħul fis-seħħ ta' l-Artikolu 1 tal-Protokoll Nru. 6 tal-KEDB, li jgħid hekk:
`Il-piena tal-mewt għandha tkun abolita. Ħadd ma għandu jiġi kkundannat għal dik il-piena jew titneħħilu ħajtu`.
L-Artikolu 2(2) tal-Karta hu bbażat fuq dik id-dispożizzjoni.
3. Id-dispożizzjonijiet ta' l-Artikolu 2, tal-Karta jikkorrispondu għal dawk ta' l-Artikoli ta' hawn fuq tal-KEDB u tal-Protokoll tiegħu. Huma għandhom l-istess sens u l-istess ambitu skond l-Artikolu 52(3) tal-Karta. Għaldaqstant, id-definizzjonijiet `negattivi` li jidhru fil-KEDB għandhom jitqiesu wkoll bħala parti mill-Karta:
a) l-Artikolu 2(2) tal-KEDB:
`Il-privazzjoni tal-ħajja ma għandhiex titqies bħala magħmula bi ksur ta' dan l-Artikolu meta tirriżulta mill-użu ta' forza li ma jkunx aktar minn dak li jkun assolutament meħtieġ:
a) fid-difiża ta' xi persuna minn vjolenza illegali;
b) sabiex jiġi effettwat arrest skond il-liġi jew tiġi evitata l-ħarba ta' xi persuna detenuta skond il-liġi;
ċ) f'azzjoni meħuda skond il-liġi sabiex tiġi megħluba rewwixta jew insurrezzjoni.`
(b) l-Artikolu 2 tal-Protokoll Nru. 6 tal-KEDB:
`Stat jista' jipprevedi fil-liġi tiegħu li jkun hemm il-piena mewt dwar dawk l-atti li jsiru fi żmien il-gwerra jew ta' theddida imminenti ta' gwerra; dik il-piena għandha tingħata biss fl-istanzi stipulati fil-liġi u skond id-dispożizzjonijiet relattivi…`.
Article 6 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worthy of protection even before birth. (2) Nobody may be deprived of her life. (3) The death penalty is prohibited. (4) Deprivation of life is not inflicted in contravention of this Article if it occurs in connection with conduct which is not criminal under the law.
Článek 6 (1) Každý má právo na život. Lidský život je hoden ochrany již před narozením. (2) Nikdo nesmí být zbaven života. (3) Trest smrti se nepřipouští. (4) Porušením práv podle tohoto článku není, jestliže byl někdo zbaven života v souvislosti s jednáním, které podle zákona není trestné.
ECHR provisions of article 2 and Protocols 6 and 13 have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.
See ECHR provisions of Article 2 which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998. Schdule 1, Article 2. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law.2. Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this Article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary: (a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.
Chapter 2 - Fundamental rights and freedoms: Article 4 There shall be no capital punishment.
2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 4 § Dödsstraff får icke förekomma.
Artículo 15 Todos tienen derecho a la vida y a la integridad física y moral, sin que, en ningún caso, puedan ser sometidos a tortura ni a penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes. Queda abolida la pena de muerte, salvo lo que puedan disponer las leyes penales militares para tiempos de guerra.
Article 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. Death penalty is hereby abolished, except as provided for by military criminal law in times of war.
Article 17 Human life is inviolable. There is no capital punishment in Slovenia.
17. člen Človekovo življenje je nedotakljivo. V Sloveniji ni smrtne kazni.
Article 15 (1) Everyone has the right to life. Human life is worth of protection even before birth.(2) No one shall be deprived of life. (3) Capital punishment is not permitted. (4) It is not violation of rights under this article, if someone is deprived of life as a result of an action that is not deemed criminal under the law.
Čl. 15(1) Každý má právo na život. Ľudský život je hodný ochrany už pred narodením. (2) Nikto nesmie byť pozbavený života. (3) Trest smrti sa nepripúšťa. (4) Podľa tohto článku nie je porušením práv, ak bol niekto pozbavený života v súvislosti s konaním, ktoré podľa zákona nie je trestné.
Articolul 22(1) Dreptul la viata, precum si dreptul la integritate fizica si psihica ale persoanei sunt garantate.(3) Pedeapsa cu moartea este interzisa.
Article 22(1) The right to life, as well as the right to physical and mental integrity of person are guaranteed. (3) The death penalty is prohibited.
Artigo 24.º (Direito à vida) 1. A vida humana é inviolável. 2. Em caso algum haverá pena de morte.
Article 24 (Right to life) (1) Human life is inviolable. (2) In no case shall there be the death penalty.
Article 38 The Republic of Poland shall ensure the legal protection of the life of every human being.
Art. 38 Rzeczpospolita Polska zapewnia każdemu człowiekowi prawną ochronę życia.
Article 331) No person shall intentionally be deprived of his life save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence under the law of Malta of which he has been convicted.(2) Without prejudice to any liability for a contravention of any other law with respect to the use of force in such cases as are hereinafter mentioned, a person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section if he dies as the result of the use of force to such extent as is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of the case -- (a) for the defence of any person from violence or for the defence of property; (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; (c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny; or (d) in order to prevent the commission by that person of a criminal offence, or if he dies as the result of a lawful act of war.
Article 18. La peine de mort ne peut être établie.
Article 1 – Purpose ‘The purpose of this Protocol is to supplement the provisions of the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism [...] as regards the criminalisation of the acts described in Articles 2 to 6 of this Protocol, thereby enhancing the efforts of Parties in preventing terrorism and its negative effects on the full enjoyment of human rights, in particular the right to life, both by measures to be taken at national level and through international co-operation, with due regard to the existing applicable multilateral or bilateral treaties or agreements between the Parties.’
Preamble: ‘[...] Considering that the trafficking in human organs violates human dignity and the right to life and constitutes a serious threat to public health; ’
D. Right to life, survival and development and the determinants of children’s health ‘Article 6 highlights the States parties’ obligation to ensure the survival, growth and development of the child, including the physical, mental, moral, spiritual and social dimensions of their development. The many risks and protective factors that underlie the life, survival, growth and development of the child need to be systematically identified in order to design and implement evidence-informed interventions that address a wide range of determinants during the lifecourse.’
Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’
Preamble: ‘(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.’ ‘(12) This Regulation should be applied in full compliance with the principle of non-refoulement as defined in the Charter and as interpreted by the case-law of the Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. In accordance with that principle, no person should be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’ Article 4 Protection of fundamental rights and the principle of non-refoulement ‘(1) No person shall, in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement, be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’