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Artikolu 50 - Id-dritt li wieħed ma jiġix iġġudikat jew jingħata piena darbtejn għall-istess reat

Artikolu 50 - Id-dritt li wieħed ma jiġix iġġudikat jew jingħata piena darbtejn għall-istess reat

L-ebda persuna ma tista' terġa' tkun ipproċessata jew ikkundannata għal reat li għalih tkun diġà instabet mhux ħatja jew ikkundannata fl-Unjoni b'sentenza li daħlet in ġudikat skond il-liġi.

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    L-Artikolu 4 tal-Protokoll Nru. 7 tal-KEDB jinqara kif ġej:

    `1. Ħadd ma jista' jkun ipproċessat jew jerġa' jiġi kkastigat għal darb'oħra fi proċedimenti kriminali taħt il-ġurisdizzjoni ta' l- Istess Stat għal xi reat li dwaru jkun diġà ġie finalment liberat jew misjub ħati skond il-liġi u l-proċedura penali ta' dak l-Istat.

    2. Id-dispożizzjonijiet tal-paragrafu preċedenti ma għandhomx iżommu milli l-każ jerġa' jinfetaħ skond il-liġi u l-proċedura penali ta' l-Istat in kwistjoni, jekk ikun hemm provi ta' xi fatti ġodda jew li jkunu għadhom kif ġew żvelati, jew inkella jekk ikun ħemm xi vizzju fondamentali fil-proċedimenti ta' qabel, li jista' jkollhom effett fuq kif jiżvolġi l-każ.

    3. Ebda deroga minn dan l-Artikolu ma għandha ssir taħt l-Artikolu 15 tal-Konvenzjoni`.

    Ir-regola `non bis in idem` tapplika fil-liġi ta' l-Unjoni (ara, fost il-ħafna preċedenti, is-sentenza tal- 5 ta' Mejju 1966, Gutmann (Kawżi konġunti18/65 u 35/65, Ġabra 1966, p. 103) u għal każ reċenti, is-sentenza tal-Qorti ta' Prim' Istanza ta' l- 20 ta' April 1999, Limburgse Vinyl Maatschappij NV u oħrajn (Kawżi konġunti T-305/94 u oħrajn, Ġabra 1999, p. II-931). Ir-regola li tipprojbixxi l-kumulu tirriferi għall-kumulu ta' żewġ pieni ta' l-istess xorta, jiġifieri pieni kriminali.

    Skond l-Artikolu 50, ir-regola `non bis in idem` tapplika mhux biss fil-ġurisdizzjoni ta' Stat wieħed izda wkoll bejn il-ġurisdizzjonijiet ta' diversi Stati Membri. Dan jikkorrispondi ma' l-acquis fil-liġi ta' l-Unjoni; ara l-Artikoli 54 sa 58 tal-Konvenzjoni ta' Schengen u s-sentenza tal-Qorti tal-Ġustizzja tal- 11 ta' Frar 2003, Gözütok (C-187/01, Ġabra p. I-1345) , l-Artikolu 7 tal-Konvenzjoni dwar il-Protezzjoni ta' l-Interessi Finanzjarji tal-Komunità u l-Artikolu 10 tal-Konvenzjoni dwar il-ġlieda kontra l-korruzzjoni. L-eċċezzjonijiet ferm limitati f'dawk il-Konvenzjonijiet li jippermettu lill-Istati Membri jidderogaw mir-regola `non bis in idem` huma koperti mill-klawżola orizzontali fl-Artikolu 52(1) li tikkonċerna l-limitazzjonijiet. Fir-rigward tas-sitwazzjonijiet imsemmija fl-Artikolu 4 tal-Protokoll Nru. 7, jiġifieri l-applikazzjoni tal-prinċipju fl-istess Stat Membru, id-dritt li huwa ggarantit għandu l-istess sens u l-istess ambitu bħad-dritt korrispondenti fil-KEDB.

    Source:
    Il-Ġurnal Uffiċjali ta’ l-Unjoni Ewropea C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Dawn l-ispjegazzjonijiet ġew imħejjija oriġinarjament taħt ir-responsabbiltà tal-Praesidium tal-Konvenzjoni li abbozza l-Karta tad-Drittijiet Fundamentali ta' l-Unjoni Ewropea. Huma ġew aġġornati taħt ir-responsabbiltà tal-Praesidium tal-Konvenzjoni Ewropea, fid-dawl ta' l-aġġustamenti li saru għat-test tal-Karta minn dik il-Konvenzjoni (partikolarment fl-Artikoli (51 U 52) u ta' l-evoluzzjoni fil-liġi ta' l-Unjoni. Għalkemm dawn l-ispjegazzjonijiet m'għandhomx fihom infushom l-istatus ta' liġi, huma mezz siewi ta' interpretazzjoni intiż sabiex ikunu ċċarati d-dispożizzjonijiet tal-Karta.

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  • Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law
    URL:
    (Directive on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law)

    Preamble: (21) Given the possibility of multiple jurisdictions for cross-border criminal offences falling under the scope of this Directive, the Member States should ensure that the principle of ne bis in idem is respected in full in the application of national law transposing this Directive ... (28) The intended dissuasive effect of the application of criminal law sanctions requires particular caution with regard to fundamental rights. This Directive respects fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the ‘Charter’) and in particular the right to liberty and security, the protection of personal data, the freedom to choose an occupation and right to engage in work, the freedom to conduct a business, the right to property, the right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial, the presumption of innocence and the right of defence, the principles of the legality and proportionality of criminal offences and sanctions, as well as the principle of ne bis in idem. This Directive seeks to ensure full respect for those rights and principles and must be implemented accordingly.

  • Directive 2014/41/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters
    URL:
    Directive on regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

    Preamble: (17) The principle of ne bis in idem is a fundamental principle of law in the Union, as recognised by the Charter and developed by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Therefore the executing authority should be entitled to refuse the execution of an EIO if its execution would be contrary to that principle. Given the preliminary nature of the proceedings underlying an EIO, its execution should not be subject to refusal where it is aimed to establish whether a possible conflict with the ne bis in idem principle exists, or where the issuing authority has provided assurances that the evidence transferred as a result of the execution of the EIO would not be used to prosecute or impose a sanction on a person whose case has been finally disposed of in another Member State for the same facts. ... Article 11. Grounds for non-recognition or non-execution: 1. Without prejudice to Article 1(4), recognition or execution of an EIO may be refused in the executing State where: ... (d) the execution of the EIO would be contrary to the principle of ne bis in idem

  • Directive 2014/57/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on criminal sanctions for market abuse (market abuse directive)
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    Directive on criminal sanctions for market abuse (market abuse directive)

    Preamble: (23) The scope of this Directive is determined in such a way as to complement, and ensure the effective implementation of, Regulation (EU) No 596/2014. Whereas offences should be punishable under this Directive when committed intentionally and at least in serious cases, sanctions for breaches of Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 do not require that intent is proven or that they are qualified as serious. In the application of national law transposing this Directive, Member States should ensure that the imposition of criminal sanctions for offences in accordance with this Directive and of administrative sanctions in accordance with the Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 does not lead to a breach of the principle of ne bis in idem.