You are here:

2. pants- Tiesības uz dzīvību

1. Ikvienai personai ir tiesības uz dzīvību.

2. Nevienam nedrīkst piespriest nāvessodu vai to izpildīt.

    Text:

    1. Šā panta 1. punkts ir balstīts uz ECK 2. panta 1. punktu, kas ir šāds:
    `1. Ikvienam ir tiesības uz personas brīvību un drošību.`.
    2. Šā panta otro teikumu, kas attiecas uz nāvessodu, aizstāj ECK 6. protokola 1. pants, kas ir šāds:
    `Nāvessods tiek atcelts. Nevienam cilvēkam nedrīkst piespriest šādu sodu vai to izpildīt.`.
    Hartas 2. panta 2. punkts ir balstīts uz šo noteikumu.
    3. Hartas 2. panta noteikumi atbilst iepriekšminētajiem ECK pantiem un tās protokolam. Saskaņā ar Hartas 52. panta 3. punktu tiem ir tāda pati nozīme un piemērojums. Tātad ECK ietvertās `negatīvās definīcijas` arī jāuzskata par daļu no Hartas:
    a) ECK 2. panta 2. punkts:
    `Dzīvības atņemšana nav uzskatāma par šī panta pārkāpumu, ja tā notiek, galējas nepieciešamības gadījumā izmantojot spēku,
    a) lai aizstāvētu kādu personu pret nelikumīgu vardarbību;
    b) lai veiktu likumīgu aizturēšanu vai aizkavētu likumīgi aizturētas vai apcietinātas personas bēgšanu;
    c) lai saskaņā ar tiesību aktiem savaldītu dumpi vai apvērsumu.`;
    b) ECK 6. protokola 2. pants:
    `Valsts savos tiesību aktos var paredzēt nāvessodu par noziegumiem, kas izdarīti kara laikā vai kara draudu apstākļos; šis sods tiek piemērots vienīgi tiesību aktos paredzētajos gadījumos un saskaņā ar to nosacījumiem.`.

    Source:
    Eiropas Savienības Oficiālais Vēstnesis C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Šie paskaidrojumi ir sagatavoti Eiropas Savienības Pamattiesību hartu izstrādājušā Konventa prezidija vadībā. Tie ir atjaunināti Eiropas Konventa prezidija vadībā, ņemot vērā Konventa izdarītos Hartas teksta (jo īpaši 51. un 52. panta) precizējumus un Savienības tiesību turpmāku attīstību. Kaut arī šiem paskaidrojumiem nav juridiska spēka, tie ir vērtīgi interpretācijas līdzekļi, kas paredzēti Hartas noteikumu izskaidrošanai.

57 results found

3 results found

2 results found

  • Directive (EU) 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA and amending Council Decision 2005/671/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on combating terrorism)

    Article 3 - Terrorist offences ‘(1) Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the following intentional acts, as defined as offences under national law, which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation, are defined as terrorist offences where committed with one of the aims listed in paragraph 2: (a) attacks upon a person’s life which may cause death; [...]’

  • Regulation (EU) No 656/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management...
    URL:
    (Regulation establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders)

    Preamble: ‘(19) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Articles 2 and 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and by the Charter, in particular respect for human dignity, the right to life, the prohibition of torture and of inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition of trafficking in human beings, the right to liberty and security, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to asylum and to protection against removal and expulsion, the principles of non-refoulement and non-discrimination, the right to an effective remedy and the rights of the child. This Regulation should be applied by Member States and the Agency in accordance with those rights and principles.’ ‘(12) This Regulation should be applied in full compliance with the principle of non-refoulement as defined in the Charter and as interpreted by the case-law of the Court and of the European Court of Human Rights. In accordance with that principle, no person should be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’ Article 4 Protection of fundamental rights and the principle of non-refoulement ‘(1) No person shall, in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement, be disembarked in, forced to enter, conducted to or otherwise handed over to the authorities of a country where, inter alia, there is a serious risk that he or she would be subjected to the death penalty, torture, persecution or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or where his or her life or freedom would be threatened on account of his or her race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, or from which there is a serious risk of an expulsion, removal or extradition to another country in contravention of the principle of non-refoulement.’