At the same time, fundamental rights issues affecting Roma continued to make headlines, such as an incident of hate crime against a Roma teenager in France and evictions in Bulgaria and Greece. The European Commission initiated infringement proceedings against the Czech Republic concerning segregation in schooling. This emphasises the importance of the EU’s efforts to support national strategies and action that address marginalisation and social exclusion, as well as racism and ethnic discrimination, as these are interlinked phenomena that mutually reinforce each other.
In 2014, efforts by the EU and its Member States to fulfil the fundamental rights of Roma are ongoing, with modest progress in the implementation of national Roma integration strategies.
Although structures of cooperation among actors involved in Roma integration are gradually being put in place, their operational coordination remains a challenge.
Past surveys of Roma households show important differences in the socio-economic and living conditions of Roma and their non-Roma neighbours, which can be influenced by intolerance and discrimination.
Building mutual trust and respect fosters community cohesion and is an essential element for successful social integration efforts.
Given the continuing forms of discrimination, segregation and exclusion, there is a need for comprehensive monitoring of Roma integration efforts, to ensure that they are on track and produce positive result.
There is evidence of continuing segregation of Roma children in education and of Roma women facing particular challenges.