Survey on discrimination and social exclusion of Roma in EU (2011)

How to use the data explorer

Different visualisation tools

This interactive tool offers different ways to explore the data behind the survey results. There are four main visualisation options: Map, Bar chart, Country detail and Country comparison, as well as a Data table option that shows the data for the selected visualisation. There is also an “At a glance” visualisation that presents some of the key findings of the survey.


How to export the data

The export options can be found at the foot of each page. To export the visualisation as an image, choose one of Figure (PNG), Figure (High resolution), EPS (High resolution) or PDF (High resolution). To export the data for the selected visualisation in Microsoft Excel format, choose Data (XLS). To generate a Page URL, Embeddable HTML or a Page citation, choose the corresponding option.


About this survey

Roma Pilot Survey

The FRA Roma Pilot Survey was carried out in 2011. The survey documents the situation on the ground, providing policy makers with the necessary evidence for designing effective policy responses to address the situation of the millions of Roma who continue to face discrimination and social exclusion across the European Union (EU).

The study collected data on the socio-economic condition, experiences of discrimination and rights awareness of Roma in 11 EU Member States: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain. Specifically, the survey focused on respondents’ situation with respect to employment, education, housing and health. The survey also included questions concerning the socio-demographic characteristics of all household members as well as the surrounding neighbourhood and its infrastructure.

FRA carried out the survey as a part of its multi-annual Roma programme. The development of the survey content as well as the sampling and fieldwork were coordinated with the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. These three organisations carried out a regional Roma survey in 2011, which covered five countries where FRA also collected data, in addition to six non-EU countries in the western Balkans and Moldova.

The FRA survey interviewed 10,811 Roma and 5,508 non-Roma living nearby – that is, the survey provides data on a total of 16,319 households as well as selected characteristics of all members of these households.  Participation in the survey was voluntary, and at the beginning of each interview the respondents could say whether they consider themselves Roma or not. The term ‘Roma’, as used by the Council of Europe, refers to Roma, Sinti, Kale and related groups in Europe, including Travellers and the Eastern groups (Dom and Lom). It also covers the wide diversity of the groups concerned, including persons who identify themselves as Gypsies.

For each household one respondent (16 years of age or older) was selected for the interview using random selection within the household. Parts of the data collected in the survey refer to the household as a whole, so that in total the survey data set describes the living conditions of 61,271 persons in these households. The results are representative for Roma living in areas where the density of Roma is higher than the national average density. The results for the non-Roma living nearby are not representative for the country’s majority population as a whole, but serve as a benchmark for Roma since they share the same environment and social infrastructure.

In France, the Roma surveyed were gens du voyage living in parking sites (aire d'accueil). In Italy and Greece, 47 % and 30 % of Roma respondents, respectively, lived in encampments. Such living arrangements need to be taken into account in the interpretation of the results – particularly with regard to housing.  More detailed information on the composition of the sample is provided in the technical report.

The key results of the survey are summarised in an FRA report, published in May 2012. The results will be further elaborated in mid-2014 in three separate reports looking specifically at the situation of Roma in education and employment, and comparing the situation between Roma women and men. FRA has released the preliminary analysis of the results by gender in October 2013, based on a request of the European Parliament.

The Roma Pilot Survey data explorer offers users an interactive way to examine the survey results. It allows users to visualise the survey results on maps, compare results graphically between countries, or to browse results by topic. Results can also be exported in various formats for further use and reference. The reproduction of the data and charts is authorised according to FRA’s terms and conditions. When using the results found in the data explorer, the FRA Roma Pilot Survey 2011 must be acknowledged as the source.

Technical requirements

This is, the official website of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). It is managed by the web team in the Agency's Communication Department, and provides a wide range of information about the FRA's work, including its research and surveys, publications, events, co-operation activities and more.

In addition to this website, the FRA also maintains two online databases of fundamental rights-related information, which are:

  • Charterpedia - a compilation of international, EU and national constitutional law structured around the Charter of Fundamental Rights
  • Case law database - a comprehensive compilation of leading case law on discrimination on various grounds in the EU Member States

We have also developed a version of the Charterpedia specially for mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones. To access it, go to the following URL on your mobile device:

Technical requirements

This site uses modern web standards (HTML5 and CSS3) developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the international body responsible for web-related standards. It is viewable in all modern browsers and mobile devices, and is designed to also work in older browsers, although the full functionality may not be available. If you are using an older browser and experience any difficulties with the site, you may wish to consider upgrading your browser.

Technical requirements for the FRA data visualization tool

The FRA data visualization tool (see the visualization of the EU LGBT survey results here) is designed to work in all modern browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer 9+, as well as recent versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Apple Safari and Opera. If you are using an old browser such Internet Explorer 8 or earlier, we recommend that you either upgrade to version 9+ or use instead the latest version of one of the other browsers listed above.


We are committed to making this site as accessible as possible for all users, including those with disabilities. For more details, please see our accessibility section.

RSS feeds

We offer a number of RSS feeds where you can get the latest news on FRA publications, press releases, events, etc. For more details, please see the RSS section.

Language policy

We try to reach as broad an audience as possible by making our content available in multiple languages. This website is currently available in English and French, and German will be added soon. In addition, many of our publications, press releases and other content are available in other languages in PDF format. The FRA is committed to further developing its language policy according to the available resources.

Privacy and data protection

The Agency is committed to safeguarding the privacy of users of this website, while aiming to provide a personalised and valuable service. For more information, see the data protection statement.

Cookies – what are they?

To make this site function properly, we sometimes place small data files on your computer, known as cookies. Cookies help the site remember your settings – language, font size and other preferences for how you want to view the site on your computer - so you don’t have to keep re-entering them whenever you come back to us.

This website uses Piwik (, an open source web analytics service. Piwik uses cookies to help to analyse the use of this site and to compile reports about website activity. This information will not be passed onto third parties. You have the option of setting of the Piwik deactivation cookie. This prevents your usage behaviour from being recorded. The cookie is called "Piwik_Ignore" and is set by clicking on the following link from this page: "Object to PIWIK use". This stores a cookie on your computer that tells us that we are not allowed to process your data. This lasts for two years. Note that your objection only remains valid for as long as you have this cookie stored on your system.

Our cookies are not used to identify you personally. They’re just there to make the site work better for you.

How you can control cookies

You can control and/or delete cookies as you wish – for details, see

You can delete all the cookies already on your computer and you can set most browsers to block them being placed. But if you do this, you may have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit the site. The Agency does not use cookies for any other purpose than those presented here and does not use them to collect any personal data for any other purpose.

"Do not track" option

Piwik also respects the “Do not track” option that can be set on modern browsers. If you have this option enabled, your usage of this site will not be tracked.


Please be informed that all non-official documents produced by the EUMC (EU Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia, which was the predecessor organisation of the FRA), such as working documents (including "working definitions") and conference papers have been archived and are no longer available on the FRA website. The official EUMC documents such as annual reports and thematic reports are, however, still available on the website of FRA.


Geographical coverage
North Macedonia
Step 1. Topic
Step 2. Select a Question and Answer
Step 3. Change the filter
Step 4. Select countries

Country selection is only available for Country detail and Country comparison views