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Artículo 35 - Protección de la salud

Toda persona tiene derecho a acceder a la prevención sanitaria y a beneficiarse de la atención sanitaria en las condiciones establecidas por las legislaciones y prácticas nacionales. Al definirse y ejecutarse todas las políticas y acciones de la Unión se garantizará un nivel elevado de protección de la salud humana.

    Text:

    Los principios incluidos en este artículo se basan en el artículo 152 del Tratado CE, que ha sido sustituido por el artículo 168 del Tratado de Funcionamiento de la Unión Europea, así como en los artículos 11 y 13 de la Carta Social Europea. La segunda frase del artículo reproduce el apartado 1 del artículo 168.

    Source:
    Diario Oficial de la Unión Europea C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Las presentes explicaciones fueron elaboradas inicialmente bajo la responsabilidad del Praesidium de la Convención que redactó la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea. Han sido actualizadas bajo la responsabilidad del Praesidium de la Convención Europea, a la vista de las adaptaciones de la redacción del texto de la Carta realizadas por la Convención (en particular, los artículos 51 y 52) y de la evolución del Derecho de la Unión. Si bien no tienen por sí mismas valor jurídico, constituyen un valioso instrumento de interpretación con objeto de aclarar las disposiciones de la Carta.

45 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 31 Everyone has the right to the protection of her health. Citizens shall have the right, on the basis of public insurance, to free medical care and to medical aids under conditions provided for by law.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 31 Každý má právo na ochranu zdraví. Občané mají na základě veřejného pojištění právo na bezplatnou zdravotní péči a na zdravotní pomůcky za podmínek, které stanoví zákon.

  • Instrument of Government
    URL:
    Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 1 - Basic principles of the form of government: Article 2 (...) The personal, economic and cultural welfare of the private person shall be fundamental aims of public activity. In particular, it shall be incumbent upon the public institutions to secure the right to health, employment, housing and education, and to promote social care and social security (...). 

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    URL:
    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    1 kapitlet - Statsskickets grunder: 2 § (...) Den enskildes personliga, ekonomiska och kulturella välfärd skall vara grundläggande mål för den offentliga verksamheten. Det skall särskilt åligga det allmänna att trygga rätten till hälsa, arbete, bostad och utbildning samt att verka för social omsorg och trygghet. (...).

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 43 1. Se reconoce el derecho a la protección de la salud. 2. Compete a los poderes públicos organizar y tutelar la salud pública a través de medidas preventivas y de las prestaciones y servicios necesarios. La ley establecerá los derechos y deberes de todos al respecto. 3. Los poderes públicos fomentarán la educación sanitaria, la educación física y el deporte. Asimismo facilitarán la adecuada utilización del ocio.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Section 43 1. The right to health protection is recognised.2. It is incumbent upon the public authorities to organize and watch over public health by means of preventive measures and the necessary benefits and services. The law shall establish the rights and duties of all in this respect.3. The public authorities shall foster health education, physical education and sports. Likewise, they shall encourage the proper use of leisure time.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 51 (Right to Health Care) Everyone has the right to health care under conditions provided by law.The rights to health care from public funds shall be provided by law.No one may be compelled to undergo medical treatment except in cases provided by law. Article 72 Everyone has the right in accordance with the law to a healthy living environment. The state shall promote a healthy living environment. To this end, the conditions and manner in which economic and other activities are pursued shall be established by law. The law shall establish under which conditions and to what extent a person who has damaged the living environment is obliged to provide compensation. The protection of animals from cruelty shall be regulated by law.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    51. člen (pravica do zdravstvenega varstva)Vsakdo ima pravico do zdravstvenega varstva pod pogoji, ki jih določa zakon.Zakonsko določa pravice do zdravstvenega varstva iz javnih sredstev. Nikogar ni mogoče prisiliti k zdravljenju, razen v primerih, ki jih določa zakon. 72. členVsakdo ima v skladu z zakonom pravico do zdravega življenjskega okolja. Država skrbi za zdravo življenjsko okolje. V ta namen zakon določa pogoje in načine za opravljanje gospodarskih in drugih dejavnosti. Zakon določa, ob katerih pogojih in v kakšnem obsegu je povzročitelj škode v življenjskem okolju dolžan poravnati škodo. Varstvo živali pred mučenjem ureja zakon.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 40 Everyone has a right to the protection of health. Based on public insurance, citizens have the right to free health care and to medical supplies under conditions which shall be laid down by law.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 40 Každý má právo na ochranu zdravia. Na základe zdravotného poistenia majú občania právo na bezplatnú zdravotnú starostlivosť a na zdravotnícke pomôcky za podmienok, ktoré ustanoví zákon.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

     Articolul 34(1) Dreptul la ocrotirea sanatatii este garantat. (2) Statul este obligat sa ia masuri pentru asigurarea igienei si a sanatatii publice. (3) Organizarea asistentei medicale si a sistemului de asigurari sociale pentru boala, accidente, maternitate si recuperare, controlul exercitarii profesiilor medicale si a activitatilor paramedicale, precum si alte masuri de protectie a sanatatii fizice si mentale a persoanei se stabilesc potrivit legii.

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 34(1) The right to the protection of health is guaranteed. (2) The State shall be bound to take measures to ensure public hygiene and health. (3) The organization of the medical care and social security system in case of sickness, accidents, maternity and recovery, the control over the exercise of medical professions and paramedical activities, as well as other measures to protect physical and mental health of a person shall be established according to the law.

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 64.º (Saúde) 1. Todos têm direito à protecção da saúde e o dever de a defender e promover. 2. O direito à protecção da saúde é realizado: a) Através de um serviço nacional de saúde universal e geral e, tendo em conta as condições económicas e sociais dos cidadãos, tendencialmente gratuito; b) Pela criação de condições económicas, sociais, culturais e ambientais que garantam, designadamente, a protecção da infância, da juventude e da velhice, e pela melhoria sistemática das condições de vida e de trabalho, bem como pela promoção da cultura física e desportiva, escolar e popular, e ainda pelo desenvolvimento da educação sanitária do povo e de práticas de vida saudável. 3. Para assegurar o direito à protecção da saúde, incumbe prioritariamente ao Estado: a) Garantir o acesso de todos os cidadãos, independentemente da sua condição económica, aos cuidados da medicina preventiva, curativa e de reabilitação; b) Garantir uma racional e eficiente cobertura de todo o país em recursos humanos e unidades de saúde; c) Orientar a sua acção para a socialização dos custos dos cuidados médicos e medicamentosos; d) Disciplinar e fiscalizar as formas empresariais e privadas da medicina, articulando-as com o serviço nacional de saúde, por forma a assegurar, nas instituições de saúde públicas e privadas, adequados padrões de eficiência e de qualidade; e) Disciplinar e controlar a produção, a distribuição, a comercialização e o uso dos produtos químicos, biológicos e farmacêuticos e outros meios de tratamento e diagnóstico; f) Estabelecer políticas de prevenção e tratamento da toxicodependência. 4. O serviço nacional de saúde tem gestão descentralizada e participada.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 64 (Health) (1) Everyone has the right to the protection of health and the duty to defend and promote health. (2) The right to the protection of health shall be fulfilled: (a) By means of a universal and general national health service which, with particular regard to the economic and social conditions of the citizens who use it, shall tend to be free of charge; (b) By creating economic, social, cultural and environmental conditions that particularly guarantee the protection of childhood, youth and old age; by systematically improving living and working conditions, and promoting physical fitness and sport at school and among the people; and also by developing the people’s health and hygiene education and healthy living practices. (3) In order to ensure the right to the protection of health, the state is charged, as a priority, with: (a) Guaranteeing access by every citizen, regardless of his economic situation, to preventive, curative and rehabilitative medical care; (b) Guaranteeing a rational and efficient nationwide coverage in terms of human resources and healthcare units; (c) Working towards the socialisation of the costs of medical care and medicines; (d) Disciplining and inspecting entrepreneurial and private forms of medicine and articulating them with the national health service, in such a way as to ensure adequate standards of efficiency and quality in both public and private healthcare institutions; (e) Disciplining and controlling the production, distribution, marketing, sale and use of chemical, biological and pharmaceutical products and other means of treatment and diagnosis; (f) Establishing policies for the prevention and treatment of drug abuse. (4) Management of the national health service shall be decentralised and participatory.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 68.1. Everyone shall have the right to have his health protected.2. Equal access to health care services, financed from public funds, shall be ensured by public authorities to citizens, irrespective of their material situation. The conditions for, and scope of, the provision of services shall be established by statute.3. Public authorities shall ensure special health care to children, pregnant women, handicapped people and persons of advanced age.4. Public authorities shall combat epidemic illnesses and prevent the negative health consequences of degradation of the environment.5. Public authorities shall support the development of physical culture, particularly amongst children and young persons.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 68.1. Każdy ma prawo do ochrony zdrowia.2. Obywatelom, niezależnie od ich sytuacji materialnej, władze publiczne zapewniają równy dostęp do świadczeń opieki zdrowotnej finansowanej ze środków publicznych. Warunki i zakres udzielania świadczeń określa ustawa.3. Władze publiczne są obowiązane do zapewnienia szczególnej opieki zdrowotnej dzieciom, kobietom ciężarnym, osobom niepełnosprawnym i osobom w podeszłym wieku.4. Władze publiczne są obowiązane do zwalczania chorób epidemicznych i zapobiegania negatywnym dla zdrowia skutkom degradacji środowiska.5. Władze publiczne popierają rozwój kultury fizycznej, zwłaszcza wśród dzieci i młodzieży.

  • Constitution du Grand Duche de Luxembourg
    URL:
    Constitution du Grand Duche de Luxembourg
    Country:
    Luxembourg

    Article 11.(5) La loi règle quant à ses principes la sécurité sociale, la protection de la santé, les droits des travailleurs, la lutte contre la pauvreté et l’intégration sociale des citoyens atteints d’un handicap. Article 23. L’Etat veille à l’organisation de l’instruction primaire, qui sera obligatoire et gratuite et dont l’accès doit être garanti à toute personne habitant le Grand-Duché. L’assistance médicale et sociale sera réglée par la loi. (...)

  • Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    URL:
    Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    Country:
    Luxembourg

    Article 11.(5) The law regulates as to their principles[:] social security, the protection of health, the rights of workers, [and] the struggle against poverty and social integration of citizens affected by a handicap. Article 23. The State sees to the organization of primary education, which will be obligatory and free and to which access must be guaranteed to every person inhabiting the Grand Duchy. Medical and social assistance is regulated by the law. (...)

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 53. The State shall take care of the health of people and shall guarantee medical aid and services for a person in the event of sickness. The procedure for providing medical aid to citizens free of charge at state medical establishments shall be established by law. The State shall promote the physical culture of society and shall support sport. The State and each person must protect the environment from harmful influences.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    URL:
    Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Country:
    Lithuania

     53 straipsnis. Valstybė rūpinasi žmonių sveikata ir laiduoja medicinos pagalbą bei paslaugas žmogui susirgus. Įstatymas nustato piliečiams nemokamos medicinos pagalbos valstybinėse gydymo įstaigose teikimo tvarką. Valstybė skatina visuomenės kūno kultūrą ir remia sportą. Valstybė ir kiekvienas asmuo privalo saugoti aplinką nuo kenksmingų poveikių.

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  • Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection
    URL:
    (Reception Conditions Directive)

    Article 17 General rules on material reception conditions and health care ‘1. Member States shall ensure that material reception conditions are available to applicants when they make their application for international protection. 2. Member States shall ensure that material reception conditions provide an adequate standard of living for applicants, which guarantees their subsistence and protects their physical and mental health. Member States shall ensure that that standard of living is met in the specific situation of vulnerable persons, in accordance with Article 21, as well as in relation to the situation of persons who are in detention. 3. Member States may make the provision of all or some of the material reception conditions and health care subject to the condition that applicants do not have sufficient means to have a standard of living adequate for their health and to enable their subsistence. 4. Member States may require applicants to cover or contribute to the cost of the material reception conditions and of the health care provided for in this Directive, pursuant to the provision of paragraph 3, if the applicants have sufficient resources, for example if they have been working for a reasonable period of time. If it transpires that an applicant had sufficient means to cover material reception conditions and health care at the time when those basic needs were being covered, Member States may ask the applicant for a refund. 5. Where Member States provide material reception conditions in the form of financial allowances or vouchers, the amount thereof shall be determined on the basis of the level(s) established by the Member State concerned either by law or by the practice to ensure adequate standards of living for nationals. Member States may grant less favourable treatment to applicants compared with nationals in this respect, in particular where material support is partially provided in kind or where those level(s), applied for nationals, aim to ensure a standard of living higher than that prescribed for applicants under this Directive.‘ Article 19 Health care ‘1. Member States shall ensure that applicants receive the necessary health care which shall include, at least, emergency care and essential treatment of illnesses and of serious mental disorders. 2. Member States shall provide necessary medical or other assistance to applicants who have special reception needs, including appropriate mental health care where needed.‘