Antisemitism: Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001–2012

Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage, graffiti or other forms of text, including hate speech on the internet. The present report – the ninth update of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) overview of Manifestations of antisemitism in the EU – relates to manifestations of antisemitism as they are recorded by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States.

This update compiles available data on antisemitic incidents collected by international, governmental and non-governmental sources, covering the period 1 January 2002–31 December 2012, where data are available. No data on manifestations of antisemitism were available for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Slovenia and Romania at the time this update was compiled.