Jewish people's experience of discrimination and hate crime in European Union Member States

Jewish people across the European Union (EU) continue to face insults, discrimination, harassment and even physical violence which, despite concerted efforts by both the EU and its Member States, show no signs of fading into the past. Although many important rights are guaranteed legally, widespread and long-standing prejudice continues to hinder Jewish people’s chances to enjoy these rights in reality.

This factsheet explains how data for the FRA online survey on Jewish people’s experiences of discrimination and hate crime was collected and which countries the results cover. It also highlights the key findings and evidence based advice in the following areas:

  • Combating antisemitism
  • Fear of victimisation
  • Harassment
  • Discrimination
  • Holocaust denial or trivialisation
  • Reporting antisemitic crime
  • Raising rights awareness