eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Artículo 11 - Libertad de expresión y de información

Artículo 11 - Libertad de expresión y de información

1. Toda persona tiene derecho a la libertad de expresión. Este derecho comprende la libertad de opinión y la libertad de recibir o comunicar informaciones o ideas sin que pueda haber injerencia de autoridades públicas y sin consideración de fronteras.

2. Se respetan la libertad de los medios de comunicación y su pluralismo.

  • Text:

    1. El artículo 11 corresponde al artículo 10 del CEDH, que dice lo siguiente:
    `1. Toda persona tiene derecho a la libertad de expresión. Este derecho comprende la libertad de opinión y la libertad de recibir o de comunicar informaciones o ideas sin que pueda haber injerencia de autoridades públicas y sin consideración de fronteras. El presente artículo no impide que los Estados sometan las empresas de radiodifusión, de cinematografía o de televisión a un régimen de autorización previa.
    2. El ejercicio de estas libertades, que entrañan deberes y responsabilidades, podrá ser sometido a ciertas formalidades, condiciones, restricciones o sanciones previstas por la ley, que constituyan medidas necesarias, en una sociedad democrática, para la seguridad nacional, la integridad territorial o la seguridad pública, la defensa del orden y la prevención del delito, la protección de la salud o de la moral, la protección de la reputación o de los derechos ajenos, para impedir la divulgación de informaciones confidenciales o para garantizar la autoridad y la imparcialidad del poder judicial.`
    En virtud del apartado 3 del artículo 52 de la Carta, este derecho tiene el mismo sentido y alcance que el garantizado por el CEDH y las limitaciones de que puede ser objeto este derecho no pueden por lo tanto sobrepasar las establecidas en el apartado 2 de su artículo 10, sin perjuicio de las restricciones que puede imponer el Derecho de la competencia de la Unión a la potestad de los Estados miembros de establecer los regímenes de autorización mencionados en la tercera frase del apartado 1 del artículo 10 del CEDH.
    2. El apartado 2 del presente artículo precisa las consecuencias del apartado 1 con respecto a la libertad de los medios de comunicación. Se basa en particular en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia relativa a la televisión, especialmente en el asunto C-288/89 (sentencia de 25 de julio de 1991, Stichting Collectieve Antennevoorziening Gouda y otros, Rec. 1991, p. I-4007) y en el Protocolo sobre el sistema de radiodifusión pública de los Estados miembros, anejo al Tratado CE y ahora a los Tratados, así como en la Directiva 89/552/CEE del Consejo (véase en particular su considerando n.o 17).

    Source:
    Diario Oficial de la Unión Europea C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Las presentes explicaciones fueron elaboradas inicialmente bajo la responsabilidad del Praesidium de la Convención que redactó la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea. Han sido actualizadas bajo la responsabilidad del Praesidium de la Convención Europea, a la vista de las adaptaciones de la redacción del texto de la Carta realizadas por la Convención (en particular, los artículos 51 y 52) y de la evolución del Derecho de la Unión. Si bien no tienen por sí mismas valor jurídico, constituyen un valioso instrumento de interpretación con objeto de aclarar las disposiciones de la Carta.
  • Judge v the Supreme Judicial Council
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court of Justice
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Philip Morris Brands
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2016:325
  • Mc Fadden v. Sony Music Entertainment
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2016:170
  • Neptune Distribution v Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Fourth Chamber
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Consumers
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2015:823
  • Neptune Distribution v Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Consumers
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2015:460
  • CEO of Antena 3 v Extraconfidencial, S.L.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court, civil section
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Members of the National Council of the Slovak Republic
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Foundation Privacy First and others v The Netherlands (Ministries of Economic Affairs and Security and Justice)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Digital Rights Ireland
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Sky Italia Srl v Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Audiovisual and media
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2013:496

76 results found

  • Ustav Republike Hrvatske
    País:
    Croatia

    Članak 38.
    Jamči se sloboda mišljenja i izražavanja misli.
    Sloboda izražavanja misli obuhvaća osobito slobodu tiska i drugih sredstava priopćavanja, slobodu govora i javnog nastupa i slobodno osnivanje svih ustanova javnog priopćavanja.
    Zabranjuje se cenzura. Novinari imaju pravo na slobodu izvještavanja i pristupa informaciji.
    Jamči se pravo na pristup informacijama koje posjeduju tijela javne vlasti. Ograničenja prava na pristup informacijama moraju biti razmjerna naravi potrebe za ograničenjem u svakom pojedinom slučaju te nužna u slobodnom i demokratskom društvu, a propisuju se zakonom.
    Jamči se pravo na ispravak svakomu komu je javnom viješću povrijeđeno Ustavom i zakonom utvrđeno pravo.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
    País:
    Bulgaria

    Art. 38. No one shall be persecuted or restricted in his rights because of his views, nor shall be obligated or forced to provide information about his own or another person's views. Art. 39. (1) Everyone shall be entitled to express an opinion or to publicize it through words, written or oral, sound or image, or in any other way. (2) This right shall not be used to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or for the incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of enmity or violence against anyone.Art. 40. (1) The press and the other mass information media shall be free and shall not be subjected to censorship. (2) An injunction on or a confiscation of printed matter or another information medium shall be allowed only through an act of the judicial authorities in the case of an encroachment on public decency or incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of violence against anyone. An injunction suspension shall lose force if not followed by a confiscation within 24 hours.Art. 41. (1) Everyone shall be entitled to seek, obtain and disseminate information. This right shall not be exercised to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or to the detriment of national security, public order, public health and morality.[...]

  • КОНСТИТУЦИЯ на Република България
    País:
    Bulgaria

    Чл. 38. Никой не може да бъде преследван или ограничаван в правата си поради своите убеждения, нито да бъде задължаван или принуждаван да дава сведения за свои или чужди убеждения. Чл. 39. (1) Всеки има право да изразява мнение и да го разпространява чрез слово - писмено или устно, чрез звук, изображение или по друг начин. (2) Това право не може да се използва за накърняване на правата и доброто име на другиго и за призоваване към насилствена промяна на конституционно установения ред, към извършване на престъпления, към разпалване на вражда или към насилие над личността.Чл. 40. (1) Печатът и другите средства за масова информация са свободни и не подлежат на цензура. (2) Спирането и конфискацията на печатно издание или на друг носител на информация се допускат само въз основа на акт на съдебната власт, когато се накърняват добрите нрави или се съдържат призиви за насилствена промяна на конституционно установения ред, за извършване на престъпление или за насилие над личността. Ако в срок от 24 часа не последва конфискация, спирането преустановява действието си.Чл. 41. (1) Всеки има право да търси, получава и разпространява информация. Осъществяването на това право не може да бъде насочено срещу правата и доброто име на другите граждани, както и срещу националната сигурност, обществения ред, народното здраве и морала. [...]

  • De Belgische Grondwet
    País:
    Belgium

    Artikel 19De vrijheid van eredienst, de vrije openbare uitoefening ervan, alsmede de vrijheid om op elk gebied zijn mening te uiten, zijn gewaarborgd, behoudens bestraffing van de misdrijven die ter gelegenheid van het gebruikmaken van die vrijheden worden gepleegd.Artikel 25De drukpers is vrij; de censuur kan nooit worden ingevoerd; geen borgstelling kan worden geëist van de schrijvers, uitgevers of drukkers. Wanneer de schrijver bekend is en zijn woonplaats in België heeft, kan de uitgever, de drukker of de verspreider niet worden vervolgd.

  • La Constitution Belge
    País:
    Belgium

    Article 19La liberté des cultes, celle de leur exercice public, ainsi que la liberté de manifester ses opinions en toute matière, sont garanties, sauf la répression des délits commis à l'occasion de l'usage de ces libertés.Article 25La presse est libre; la censure ne pourra jamais être établie; il ne peut être exigé de cautionnement des écrivains, éditeurs ou imprimeurs.Lorsque l'auteur est connu et domicilié en Belgique, l'éditeur, l'imprimeur ou le distributeur ne peut être poursuivi.

  • The Belgian Constitution
    País:
    Belgium

    Article 19Freedom of worship, its public practice and freedom to demonstrate one’s opinions on all matters are guaranteed, but offences committed when this freedom is used may be punished.Article 25The press is free; censorship can never be introduced; no security can be demanded from authors, publishers or printers.When the author is known and resident in Belgium, neither the publisher, the printer nor the distributor can be prosecuted.

  • Beschluß der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung vom 30. Oktober 1918
    País:
    Austria

    Präambel/Promulgationsklausel Auf Grund des § 7 des Beschlusses der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung vom 30. Oktober 1918 über die grundlegenden Einrichtungen der Staatsgewalt wird beurkundet, daß der obenstehende Beschluß von der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung am 30. Oktober 1918 gefaßt worden ist. 1. Jede Zensur ist als dem Grundrecht der Staatsbürger widersprechend als rechtsungültig aufgehoben. 2. Die Einstellung von Druckschriften und die Erlassung eines Postverbotes gegen solche findet nicht mehr statt. Die bisher verfügten Einstellungen und Postverbote sind aufgehoben. Die volle Freiheit der Presse ist hergestellt. 3. Die Ausnahmsverfügungen betreffs des Vereins- und Versammlungsrechtes sind aufgehoben. Die volle Vereins- und Versammlungsfreiheit ohne Unterschied des Geschlechts ist hergestellt.

  • Bundesgesetz vom 12. Juni 1981 über die Presse und andere publizistische Medien (Mediengesetz)
    País:
    Austria
  • Bundesverfassungsgesetz vom 10. Juli 1974 über die Sicherung der Unabhängigkeit des Rundfunks
    País:
    Austria

    Artikel 1 (2) Die näheren Bestimmungen für den Rundfunk und seine Organisation sind bundesgesetzlich festzulegen. Ein solches Bundesgesetz hat insbesondere Bestimmungen zu enthalten, die die Objektivität und Unparteilichkeit der Berichterstattung, die Berücksichtigung der Meinungsvielfalt, die Ausgewogenheit der Programme sowie die Unabhängigkeit der Personen und Organe, die mit der Besorgung der im Abs. 1 genannten Aufgaben betraut sind, gewährleisten.

  • Federal Constitutional Act of 10 July 1974 on Guaranteeing the Independence of Broadcasting
    País:
    Austria

    Article 1 (2) Federal legislation shall provide for more detailed provisions on broadcasting and its organisation. Such federal legislation shall in particular contain provisions ensuring the objectivity and impartiality of reporting, consideration to the diversity of opinion, the balance of programmes and the independence of the persons and executive bodies or officers who are entrusted with the tasks referred to in para 1.

  • Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
    País:
    Austria

    Artikel 10 (1) Jedermann hat Anspruch auf freie Meinungsäußerung. Dieses Recht schließt die Freiheit der Meinung und die Freiheit zum Empfang und zur Mitteilung von Nachrichten oder Ideen ohne Eingriffe öffentlicher Behörden und ohne Rücksicht auf Landesgrenzen ein. Dieser Artikel schließt nicht aus, daß die Staaten Rundfunk-, Lichtspiel- oder Fernsehunternehmen einem Genehmigungsverfahren unterwerfen.

  • Resolution of the Provisional National Assembly of 30 October 1918 [on the abolition of censorship]
    País:
    Austria

    Preamble/Clause of Promulgation Pursuant to Para. 7 of the Resolution of the National Assembly of 30 October 1918 about the fundamental establishment of the government is documented that the above-mentioned resolution has been taken by the Provisional National Assembly on 30 October 1918. 1. All censorship is abolished as illegal because contradictory to the basic rights of the citizen. 2. . Stops on publications and the issue of a postal distribution veto on such cease forthwith. Hitherto operative stops and postal distribution vetoes are abolished. Complete freedom of the Press is established. 3. The emergency ordinances with respect to rights of assembly and association are abolished. Complete freedom of assembly and association, without distinction of sex, is established.

  • The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
    País:
    Austria

    Article 10 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This Article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.

  • Federal Act dated 12th June 1981 on the Press and other Publication Media (Media Act)
    País:
    Austria
  • Staatsgrundgesetz über die allgemeinen Rechte der Staatsbürger
    País:
    Austria

    Artikel 13[1] Jedermann hat das Recht, durch Wort, Schrift, Druck oder durch bildliche Darstellung seine Meinung innerhalb der gesetzlichen Schranken frei zu äußern.[2] Die Presse darf weder unter Censur gestellt, noch durch das Concessions-System beschränkt werden. Administrative Postverbote finden auf inländische Druckschriften keine Anwendung. 

  • The Basic Law on the General Rights of Nationals
    País:
    Austria

    Article 13[1] Everyone has the right within the limits of the law freely to express his opinion by word of mouth and in writing, print, or pictorial representation. [2] The Press may be neither subjected to censorship nor restricted by the licensing System. Administrative postal distribution vetoes do not apply to inland publication. 

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