Member States at the external borders are put under pressure to ensure that new arrivals are registered in Eurodac, the EU database set up to assist in determining which Member State is responsible for examining an asylum application under the Dublin Regulation. Migration is one of the 10 priorities of the new European Commission. The equitable participation of migrants and their descendants in society remains a major challenge in many countries. Xenophobia, extremism and racist violence against migrants and refugees persist. Many Member States have policies and measures in place, but there is little evidence that their impact on the ground is effectively monitored.
For the first time since the Second World War, the number of refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people worldwide exceeded 50 million in 2013, according to the UNHCR figures released in 2014.
In March 2014, the European Commission published a communication on EU return policy in which positive developments but also shortcomings in national laws were noted.
Two new funding mechanisms were set up to promote the application of EU law in the field of migration in 2014–2020.
The new European Commission identified migration as one of its 10 priorities and committed itself to developing a new European policy on regular migration.
EU societies continue to face challenges in integrating migrants and their descendants.
Diversity and intercultural education are included as core elements in the general principles and objectives of 10 EU Member States.