Key facts of the case:
Appeal — Competition — Control of concentrations between undertakings — Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 — Article 4(1) — Prior notification obligation for concentrations — Article 7(1) — Standstill obligation — Article 7(2) — Exemption — Concept of a ‘single concentration’ — Article 14(2) — Decision imposing fines for the implementation of a concentration before it has been notified and authorised — Principle ne bis in idem — Set‑off principle — Concurrent offences.
Outcome of the case:
On those grounds, the Court (Fourth Chamber) hereby:
77) That interpretation of the principle ne bis in idem is supported by the wording of Article 50 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the rationale of that principle, that article thus specifically targeting the repetition of proceedings concerning the same material act which have been concluded by a final decision (see, to that effect, judgment of 3 April 2019, Powszechny Zakład Ubezpieczeń na Życie, C‑617/17, EU:C:2019:283, paragraphs 30 and 32).